
 ARTS 
Algebra and Representation Theory Seminar


☆ last updated: June 22nd, 2020  Fabio Gavarini ☆
Friday, June 19th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Salvatore STELLA ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Cluster algebras and generalized minors reloaded"
Abstract:
In a work with D. Rupel and H. Williams we showed that, given an acyclic finite or affine cluster algebra, its cluster monomials can be understood as generalized minors of the associated KacMoody group. The proof hinges upon a double recursion made possible by a technical tool, the double cambrian fan.
In this talk I will explain how one can prove a slightly weaker, but at the same time much more general result in a cleaner way. This is a work in progress in collaboration also with A. Appel.
The slides of the talk are available here;
also, the full videorecording is available here.
Friday, June 12th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Sabino DI TRANI (Università di Firenze)
"The Reeder's Conjecture for Classical Lie Algebras"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
A well known result of the first half of XX century asserts that the cohomology of a compact connected Lie group G is isomorphic as a graded vector space to the ring of Ginvariants of the exterior algebra of g = Lie(G) . Finding Betti numbers of G then corresponds to identifying copies of the trivial representation in Λg. Reeder in '95 reduces this computation to the problem of finding copies of the trivial representation of the Weyl group of G in a suitable bigraded algebra. As a generalization of this result, he conjectured that it is possible to compute the graded multiplicites in Λg of a special class of representations reducing to a similar "Weyl group representation"problem. In the talk I will give a proof of the Reeder's Conjecture for the C_{n} case and present some new progress for type D.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, June 5th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Pawel DLOTKO (Swansea University)
"TDA for medical data analysis, how can we help in the current pandemic?"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
Topological data analysis is a source of stable and explainable methods to analyze data. Those features are of the key importance in medical applications. In this talk I will review concepts of conventional and ball mapper. I will highlight how those tools have been used to analyze medical data, starting from work performed in Ayasdi, ending up in my work related to the current pandemic. I will finish by describing my work with Oxford Covid19 database (OxCDB).
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, May 29th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Mattia COLOMA (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"The HirzebruchRiemannRoch theorem in the fancy language of Spectra"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
The category of spectra indubitably is the best of possible worlds for cohomology theories. For instance in spectra one can start with a few basic morphisms, be confident that every natural diagram built from them will commute, and end up with a proof of the HirzebruchRiemannRoch theorem. As in every good story we'll have a deus ex machina: Atiyah's identification of the SpanierWhitehead dual of a manifold with the Thom spectrum of minus its tangent bundle. I will try to gently introduce all of this tools assuming basic notions of topology, geometry and algebra.
Based on a joint work with Domenico Fiorenza and Eugenio Landi.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, May 22nd, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Jorge VITÓRIA (Università di Cagliari)
"Quantity vs. size in representation theory"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
Indecomposable modules over a finitedimensional algebra R are largely thought of as the building blocks of the module category of R. A famous theorem of Auslander, FullerReiten and RingelTachikawa, states that a finitedimensional algebra admits only finitely many indecomposable modules up to isomorphism if and only if every indecomposable module is finitedimensional. This establishes a correlation between quantity (of indecomposable finitedimensional modules) and size (of indecomposable modules).
In this talk, we will take a macroscopic view of the module category and look at certain subcategories of modules rather than individual modules. Our focus will be on torsion pairs, which are orthogonal decompositions of the module category. We will show that a finitedimensional algebra admits only finitely many torsion classes if and only if every torsion class is generated by a finitedimensional module. Time permitting, I will also make a few comments on how this relation between quantity and size transfers to the derived category of a finitedimensional algebra. This talk is based on joint works with Lidia Angeleri Hügel, Frederik Marks and David Pauksztello.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, May 15th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Francesco SALA (Università di Pisa)
"Continuum KacMoody algebras (and their quantizations)"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
In the present talk, I will define a family of infinitedimensional Lie algebras associated with a "continuum" analog of KacMoody algebras. They depend on a "continuum" version of the notion of the quiver. These Lie algebras have some peculiar properties: for example, they do not have simple roots and in the description of them in terms of generators and relations, only quadratic (!) Serre type relations appear. If time permits, I will discuss their quantizations, called "continuum quantum groups".
This is based on joint works with Andrea Appel and Olivier Schiffmann.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, May 8th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to restrictions because
of Covid19 contamination
Andrea APPEL (Università di Parma)
"Parabolic Kmatrices for quantum groups"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
Braided module categories provide a conceptual framework for the reflection equation, mimicking the relation between the YangBaxter equation and braided categories. Indeed, while the latter describes braids on a plane (type A), the former can be thought of in terms of braids on a cylinder (type B). In the theory of quantum groups, natural examples of braided module categories arise from quantum symmetric pairs (coideal subalgebras quantizing certain fixed point Lie subalgebra), where the action of type B braid groups is given in terms of a socalled universal Kmatrix, constructed in finitetype by BalagovicKolb.
In this talk, I will describe the construction of a family of "parabolic" Kmatrices for quantum KacMoody algebras, which is indexed by Dynkin subdiagrams of finitetype and includes BalagovicKolb Kmatrix as a special case. If time permits, I will explain how this construction could lead to a meromorphic Kmatrix for quantum loop algebras. This is based on joint works with D. Jordan and B. Vlaar.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, April 24th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to mandatory restrictions
because of Covid19 contamination
Fabio GAVARINI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Real forms of complex Lie superalgebras and supergroups"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
A real form of a complex Lie algebra is the subset of fixed points of some "real structure", that is an antilinear involution; a similar description applies for real forms of complex (Lie or algebraic) groups. For complex Lie superalgebras, the notion of "real structure" extends in two different variants, called standard (a straightforward generalization) and graded (somewhat more sophisticated): the notion of "real form", however, stands problematic in the graded case.
I will present the functorial version of "real structure" (standard or graded), and show that the notion of "real form" then properly extends, in both cases; along the same lines, I will introduce real structures and real forms for complex supergroups. Then, basing on a suitable notion of "Hermitian form" on complex superspaces, I will introduce unitary Lie superalgebras and supergroups (again standard or graded); any Lie superalgebra which embeds into a unitary one will then be called "supercompact"  and similary for supergroups. Finally, I will give nice existence/uniqueness results of supercompact real forms for complex Lie superalgebras which are simple of basic (or "contragredient") type, and similarly for their associated connected simplyconnected supergroups.
This is based on a joint work with Rita Fioresi, cf. arXiv:2003.10535 [math.RA] (2020).
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, April 17th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to mandatory restrictions
because of Covid19 contamination
Leonardo PATIMO (Albert Ludwigs Universität Freiburg)
"The quest for bases of the intersection cohomology of Schubert varieties"
N.B.: the slide of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
The Schubert basis is a distinguished basis of the cohomology of a Schubert variety and it is a precious tool to study the ring structure of the cohomology.
When working with the intersection cohomology, we do not have a Schubert basis in general, and in fact understanding the intersection cohomology of a Schubert variety can be much more difficult. However, if one can understand well the related KazhdanLusztig polynomials, one may often exploit their combinatorics and produce new bases in intersection cohomology which extend the original Schubert basis.
In this talk I would like to talk about two (if time permits!) different cases where this is possible. The first one are Schubert varieties in the Grassmannian. Here we obtain bases by "lifting" the combinatorics of Dyck partitions. The second case, joint with Nicolás Libedinsky, is the affine Weyl group Ã_{2} . Here we realize our basis by defining a set of indecomposable light leaves.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, April 3rd, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to mandatory restrictions
because of Covid19 contamination
Martina LANINI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Singularities of Schubert varieties within a right cell"
N.B.: the notes of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
We describe an algorithm which takes as input any pair of permutations and gives as output two permutations lying in the same KazhdanLusztig right cell. There is an isomorphism between the Richardson varieties corresponding to the two pairs of permutations which preserves the singularity type. This fact has applications in the study of Wgraphs for symmetric groups, as well as in finding examples of reducible associated varieties of sl_{n}highest weight modules, and comparing various bases of irreducible representations of the symmetric group or its Hecke algebra.
This is joint work with Peter McNamara.
The notes of the talk are available here.
Friday, March 27th, 2020  h. 14:30
 in streaming 
due to mandatory restrictions
because of Covid19 contamination
Nicola CICCOLI (Università di Perugia)
"Orbit method via groupoid quantization"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
The orbit method, in its most general form, can be seen as a general correspondence between symplectic leaves of a Poisson manifold and unitary irreducible representations of its quantization algebra. Properties of such correspondence should not depend on the choice of a specific quantization procedure. In this talk we will show how the socalled groupoid quantization allows to understand the correspondence for a wide family of quantum groups and their homogeneous spaces.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, March 20th, 2020  h. 15:00
(( beware of the unusual time!!! ))
 in streaming 
due to mandatory restrictions
because of Covid19 contamination
Sebastiano CARPI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Weak quasiHopf algebras, vertex operator algebras and conformal nets"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
Weak quasiHopf algebras give a generalization of Drinfeld's quasiHopf algebras. They were introduced by Mack and Schomerus in the early nineties in order to describe quantum symmetries of certain conformal field theories. Every fusion category is tensor equivalent to the representation category of a weak quasiHopf algebra. In particular the representation categories arising from rational conformal field theories such as the representation categories of strongly rational vertex operator algebras or of completely rational conformal nets can be described and studied by means of weak quasiHopf algebras.
In this talk I will discuss some aspects of the theory of weak quasiHopf algebras in connection with vertex operator algebras and conformal nets and explain some applications.
Based on a joint work in preparation with S. Ciamprone and C. Pinzari.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, March 13th, 2020  h. 14:30
(( beware of the unusual time!!! ))
 in streaming 
due to mandatory restrictions
because of Covid19 contamination
Mario MARIETTI (Università Politecnica delle Marche  Ancona)
"Weak generalized lifting property, Bruhat intervals and Coxeter matroids"
N.B.: the slides of the talk are available here.
Abstract:
A natural generalization of the concept of a matroid is the concept of a Coxeter matroid, which was introduced by I. Gelfand and V. Serganova in 1987. In this talk, we will present a result stating that the Bruhat intervals of any arbitrary finite Coxeter group are Coxeter matroids. The main tool for proving this result is a new property, the weak generalized lifting property, which holds for all (finite and infinite) Coxeter groups and may have interest in its own right.
This is based on joint work with F. Caselli and M. D'Adderio.
The slides of the talk are available here.
Friday, February 28th, 2020
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Marco D'ANNA (Università di Catania)
"Almost Gorenstein rings and further generalizations: the 1dimensional case"
Abstract:
I will present the class of almost Gorenstein rings, with focus onto 1dimensional (commutative, unital) local rings. This class of rings, introduced (by Barucci and Froberg) for algebroid curves, and recently extended (by Goto and others) to more general 1dimensional rings, and late on in dimension greater than 1, has been intensively studied in the last years. In the 1dimensional case definitions of other classes of rings have later been suggested that generalize Gorenstein rings and almost Gorenstein rings from different point of view: in particular, I will discuss one of them, which is motivated by the relations between the properties of the ring (R,m) and those of the Ralgebra m:m in Q(R).
This is (partially) a joint work with Francesco Strazzanti.
Friday, February 21th, 2020
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Alessandro D'ANDREA ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Irreducible representations of primitive Lie pseudoalgebras of type H"
Abstract:
Lie pseudoalgebras are a "multivariable" generalization of Lie algebras. Their classification follows Cartan's 1909 classification of simple infinite dimensional linearly compact Lie algebras, in terms of four infinite families, called of type W, S, K and H. Finite irreducible representations in type W, S and K have already been classified by exploiting a common strategy, which, however, remarkably fails, in multiple points, in case H. In this talk I will explain all of the above issues and how to obtain a classification in type H as well.
This is a joint work with B. Bakalov and V. G. Kac.
Friday, February 14th, 2020
h. 14:00  Room 1200
(( beware of the change of room!!! ))
Paolo PAPI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Yangians vs. minimal Walgebras: a surprising coincidence"
Abstract:
I will discuss a proof of the fact that the singularities of the Rmatrix R(k) of the minimal quantization of the adjoint representation of the Yangian associated with a Lie algebra g are opposite to the roots of the monic polynomial that expresses the OPE of conformal fields with conformal weight 3/2 in the affine Walgebra of level k associated with g. I will then explain some interesting consequences.
This is a joint work with V. G. Kac and P. MosenederFrajria.
Friday, February 7th, 2020
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Riccardo ARAGONA (Università de L'Aquila)
"Group theoretical approach for symmetric encryption"
Abstract:
In 1949 Shannon gave the first abstract definition of cipher as a set of transformations on a message space. In 1975, Coppersmith and Grossman studied the group generated by a set of bijective transformations defining a cipher and the link of some properties of this group with the security of the corresponding cipher. From this work a new research sector in algebraic cryptography arises, that of the study of the properties of the group generated by the encryption functions of a cipher that can reveal weaknesses in the cipher itself.
In the first part of the talk, after presenting the algebraic background describing the structure of block ciphers, we will explain the link between the study of permutation groups and the study of the security of symmetric cryptosystems. In the second part of the talk we will present some new results that characterize the properties of the components of a block cipher which imply that the group generated by its encryption functions has those properties that make it resistant against known algebraic attacks.
Friday, January 24th, 2020
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Carlo Maria SCOPPOLA (Università de L'Aquila)
"Classifying pgroups?"
Abstract:
During the last 100 years several ideas were suggested to address the classification problem of finite pgroups. In this talk I will remind some of them (Hall's isoclinism, the coclass theory) and I will talk about some recent progress. Then I will define the pgroups of Frobenius type, and I will remind some recent results in this setting too.
Friday, January 17th, 2020
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Kenji IOHARA (Université de Lyon 1)
"On elliptic root systems"
Abstract:
Elliptic root systems are introduced in 1985 by K. Saito having simply elliptic singularities in mind. In this talk, the state of art around elliptic root systems will be explained.
Friday, January 10th, 2020
h. 15:45  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Peter McNAMARA (University of Melbourne)
"Geometric Extension Algebras"
Abstract:
A number of algebras that we study in Lie theory have geometric interpretations, appearing as a convolution algebra in BorelMoore homology or equivalently as the Extalgebra of a pushforward sheaf. We will discuss how information on the representation theoretic side (like being quasihereditary) is related to information on the geometric side (like odd cohomology vanishing). The primary application is to KLR and related algebras.
Friday, January 10th, 2020
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Markus REINEKE (University of Bochum)
"Cohomological Hall algebras of quivers"
Abstract:
Cohomological Hall algebras form a class of graded algebras which are defined by a convolution operation on representation spaces of quivers. In the talk, we will motivate their definition, construct them, and review basic properties and known structural results. Then we turn to the special case of the Kronecker quiver and derive a description by generators and relations of the corresponding cohomological Hall algebra, which is related to Yangians.
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Friday, December 13th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Alexander PÜTZ (University of Rome "Tor Vergata")
"Linear degenerations of affine Grassmannians and moment graphs"
Abstract:
Every projective variety is a quiver Grassmannian. Hence, we can use representation theory of quivers to study the geometry of certain projective varieties. In this talk we apply it to study the affine Grassmannian. Namely we identify certain finite approximations of it with quiver Grassmannians for the loop quiver. In this way we can study the geometry of the affine Grassmannian via the limit of the approximations. We also examine how the geometry changes with linear degenerations and find out that it behaves very different from the nonaffine setting. There is an action of a onedimensional torus on the affine Grassmannian and its linear degenerations which induces a cellular decomposition. Based on the combinatorics of this decomposition we can compute Euler characteristics, Poincaré polynomials and cohomology. In the nondegenerate setting, we rediscover some results obtained with the combinatorics of the affine Weyl group.
Friday, December 6th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Niels KOWALZIG (University of Napoli "Federico II")
"Cyclic GerstenhaberSchack cohomology"
Abstract:
In this talk, we answer a longstandin question by explaining how the diagonal complex computing the GerstenhaberSchack cohomology of a bialgebra (that is, the cohomology theory governing bialgebra deformations) can be given the structure of an operad with multiplication if the bialgebra is a (not necessarily finite dimensional) Hopf algebra with invertible antipode; if the antipode is involutive, the operad is even cyclic. Therefore, the GerstenhaberSchack cohomology of any such Hopf algebra carries a Gerstenhaber, resp. BatalinVilkovisky, algebra structure; in particular, one obtains a cup product and a cyclic boundary B that generate the Gerstenhaber bracket, and that allows to define cyclic GerstenhaberSchack cohomology. In case the Hopf algebra in question is finite dimensional, the Gerstenhaber bracket turns out to be zero in cohomology and hence the interesting structure is not given by this e2algebra structure, which is expressed in terms of the cup product and B.
Friday, November 29th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Sean GRIFFIN (University of Washington)
"Ordered set partitions, Tanisaki ideals, and rank varieties"
Abstract:
We introduce a family of ideals I_{n,λ} in Q[x_{1},...,x_{n}] for λ a partition of k≤n. This family contains both the Tanisaki ideals and the ideals I_{n,k} of HaglundRhoadesShimozono as special cases. We study
the corresponding quotient rings R_{n,λ} as symmetric group modules. We give a monomial basis for R_{n,λ} in terms of (n,λ)staircases, unifying the monomial bases studied by GarsiaProcesi and HaglundRhoadesShimozono. Furthermore, we realize the S_{n}module structure of R_{n,λ} in terms of an action on (n,λ)ordered set partitions. We then prove that the graded Frobenius characteristic of R_{n,λ} has a positive expansion in terms of dual HallLittlewood functions. Finally, we use results of Weyman to connect the quotient rings R_{n,λ} to EisenbudSaltman rank varieties. This allows us to generalize results of De ConciniProcesi and Tanisaki on "nilpotent" diagonal matrices.
Friday, November 22nd, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Ivan PENKOV (Jacobs University, Bremen)
"Some older and some recent results on the indvarieties G/P
for the indgroups G = GL(∞) , O(∞) , Sp(∞)"
Abstract:
About 15 years ago, Dimitrov and I worked out the flag realizations of the homogeneous indvarieties GL(∞)/P for arbitrary splitting parabolic indsubgroups P. An essential difference from the finitedimensional case is that we have to work with generalized flags, not with usual flags. Generalized flags are chains of subspaces which have more interesting linear orders. In the first part of the talk, I will recall our results with Dimitrov. In the second part, I will explain(without proof) two recent results. The first one (joint with A. Tikhomirov) is a purely algebraicgeometric construction of the indvarieties of generalized flags. The second one (joint with L.Fresse) answers the following question: on which multiple indvarieties of generalized flags, i.e. direct products of indvarieties of generalized flags, does GL(∞) act with finitely many orbits?
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006

Workshop
"ARTS in Rome"


A Representation Theory Summit in Rome
FridaySaturday, November 1516th, 2019
via Lucullo 11, Roma  ITALY
WARNING: due to space limitations in the conference venue, only registered participants will be allowed to attend the meeting.
Speakers & Talks:
Peter FIEBIG (Erlangen)  Friday 15th, h. 15:0016:00
"Lefschetz operators and tilting modules"
Carolina VALLEJO (Madrid)  Friday 15th, h. 16:3017:30
"Galois action on the principal block"
David HERNANDEZ (Paris 7)  Friday 15th, h. 17:4518:45
"Grothendieck ring isomorphims, cluster algebras and KazhdanLusztig polynomials"
Gunter MALLE (Kaiserslautern)  Saturday 16th, h. 9:0010:00
"Blocks and Lusztig induction"
Olivier DUDAS (Paris 7)  Saturday 16th, h. 10:1511:15
"Modular reduction of unipotent characters"
Maria CHLOUVERAKI (Versailles)  Saturday 16th, h. 11:4512:45
"Are complex reflection groups real?"
N.B.: this workshop is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Friday, November 8th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Simon RICHE (Université Clermont Auvergne)
"Central sheaves on affine flag varieties"
Abstract:
Gaitsgory's construction of "central sheaves" on the affine
flag variety of a reductive algebraic group is a fundamental tool in the
Geometric Langlands Program, with important applications to the geometry
of Shimura varieties. In this talk I will review this construction, and
explain how it generalizes to arbitrary rings of coefficients. I will
also explain its main application in Geometric Representation Theory,
namely an equivalence of categories due to ArkhipovBezrukavnikov
relating constructible sheaves on the affine flag variety to equivariant
coherent sheaves on the Springer resolution of the Langlands dual group,
together with an extension to modular coefficients. This will be based
on joint works in progress with Achar and with BezrukavnikovRider.
Thursday, October 24th, 2019
h. 15:30  Room B
Kyokazu NAGATOMO (Osaka University)
"Vertex operator algebras whose dimensions of weight one spaces are 8 and 16"
Abstract:
We classify (strongly regular) vertex operator algebras (VOAs) V of CFT type, whose spaces generated by characters are equal to spaces solutions of monic modular linear
differential equations of third order, which have two parameters; expected central charge c and conformal weight. Among VOAs with these properties, we focus on one, such
that the weight one space V_{1} is 8 or 16dimensional, respectively, since VOAs which have a nontrivial automorphism with a fixed point have such dimensions. The typical
examples of such VOAs are lattice VOAs associated with the
√2E_{8}
lattice for c = 8 and the BarnesWalls lattice (denoted by Λ_{16}) for c = 16, respectively. This is because central charges and dimV_{1} of lattice VOAs are equal to ranks of the corresponding lattices. Of course, we could study VOAs with central charge 8 and 16, which is certainly more natural. However, it is would be (was) not easy to characterize such VOAs since there exist solutions that are independent of one of two parameters. If the character of V is free of a parameter, we cannot determine expected central charge. We may consider the characters of Vmodules, in fact we did try to figure out c = 8 and 16 cases. But it was not very successful since first coefficients of Vmodules are not always 1 (in our method this property is crucial). First we have shown that VOAs whose space of characters in our interest is equal to one of the
√2E_{8}
lattice VOA for dimV_{1} = 8 and one of the BarnesWalls lattice VOA V_{Λ16} for dimV_{1} = 18, respectively.
Moreover, we showed that V is isomorphic to
V_{
√2E8}
for c = 8 under a mild condition. We expect the same as for c = 16.
Friday, October 18th, 2019
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
(( beware of the change of time!!! ))
Yusra NAQVI (University of Sidney)
"A gallery model for affine flag varieties"
Abstract:
Positively folded galleries in Coxeter complexes play a role in many areas of maths, such as in the study of affine Hecke algebras, Macdonald polynomials, MVpolytopes, and affine DeligneLusztig varieties. In this talk, we will define positively folded galleries, and then look at a new recursive description of the set of end alcoves of folded galleries which are positive with respect to alcoveinduced orientations. This further allows us to find the images of retractions from points at infinity, giving us a combinatorial description of certain double coset intersections in the affine flag variety.
This talk is based on joint work with Elizabeth Milićević, Petra Schwer and Anne Thomas.
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Friday, October 4th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Gianluca MARZO (Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Functorial resolution of singularities"
Abstract:
Resolution of singularities, already in the category of complex analytic spaces, cannot be achieved in a way that is both étale local and independent of the resolution process itself while blowing up in smooth centres. However, we will explain how this can be achieved in the 2category of DeligneMumford champ following a new method based on smoothed weighted blow up in regular centre. We construct an invariant, inv, of regular mdimensional characteristic zero local rings and their ideals, that makes the resolution process functorial and more widely applicable, rather than just complex spaces. The goal of the talk is to relate the construction of the invariant with a functorial definition of the Newton polyhedron of an ideal, and show how we get a very easy and fully functorial resolution of complex singularities.
This is based on joint work with M. McQuillan.
Thursday, June 20th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Kirill ZAYNULLIN (University of Ottawa)
"Hyperplane sections of Grassmannians and the equivariant cohomology"
Abstract:
We study a family of hyperplane sections of Grassmannians from the point of view of the GKMtheory. Starting from the Schubert divisor which corresponds to the most singular section and has a natural torus action we provide a uniform description of the equivariant cohomology of the whole family of sections including the smooth one.
This is a joint work in progress with Martina Lanini.
Monday, June 10th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Magdalena BOOS (RuhrUniversität, Bochum)
"Towards degenerations for algebras with selfdualities"
Abstract:
A parabolic subgroup P of a classical Lie group G acts on the nilpotent coneN of nilpotent complex matrices in Lie(G) via conjugation. If N is restricted to the subvariety of 2nilpotent matrices, then the number of orbits is finite and we can describe a parametrization of the orbits by using a translation to the symmetric representation theory of a finitedimensional algebra with selfduality. Our main goal is the description of the orbit closures and we discuss first results. These results are obtained via degenerations of symmmetric representations of a certain algebra with selfduality, and we show which of them hold in general.
This is based on work in progress with G. Cerulli Irelli and F. Esposito.
Monday, June 3rd, 2019
h. 12:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Rita FIORESI (Università di Bologna)
(( beware of the change of time!!! ))
"Quantum principal bundles over projective bases"
Abstract:
In non commutative geometry, a quantum principal bundle over an affine base is recovered through a deformation of the algebra of its global sections: the property of being a principal bundle is encoded by the notion of Hopf Galois extension, while the local triviality is expressed by the cleft property. The quantum algebra of the base space is realized as suitable coinvariants inside the global sections of the quantum principal bundle.
We want to examine the case of a projective base X in the special case X=G/P , where G is a complex semisimple group and P a parabolic subgroup. We will substitute the coordinate ring of X with the homogeneous coordinate ring of X with respect to a projective embedding, corresponding to a line bundle L obtained via a character of P. The quantization of the line bundle will come through the notion of quantum section and the quantizations of the base (a quantum flag) will be obtained as semicoinvariants. The quantization of G will then be interpreted as the quantum principal bundle on the quantum base space X, obtained via a quantum section.
(joint work with P. Aschieri and E. Latini)
Monday, May 27th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Margherita PAOLINI
"The integral form of the universal enveloping algebra of twisted affine sl_{3}"
Abstract:
In the representation theory of a semisimple Lie algebra L, the subring of the universal enveloping algebra U(L) generated by suitable divided powers arises naturally, thus leading to construct an integral form of U(L). Kostant and Cartier indipendently defined this form and explicitly constructed integral bases when L is finite. Their construction has later been generalized to the untwisted affine case by Garland.
An analogous work by FisherVasta extends the construction of the integral form of U(L) to the affine twisted KacMoody algebra of rank 1 (type A^{2}_{2}). These works are based on complicated commutation formulas, whose regularity remains hidden; moreover, in the twisted case there are some problems both with the statement and the proof.
The aim of this talk is to give a correct description of the integral form of the enveloping algebra of type A^{2}_{2} , providing explicit and compact commutation relations, so to reach a deeper comprehension and drastic simplification of the problem. This is achieved by means of a careful use of the generating series of families of elements and of the properties of the ring of symmetric functions.
Tuesday, May 7th, 2019
(( beware of the change of day and time!!! ))
h. 15:15  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Gastón Andrés GARCÍA (Universidad Nacional de La Plata)
"Pointed Hopf algebras, quantum groups and the lifting method"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
This talk will focus on the classification of pointed Hopf algebras and the description of a general method (called "lifting method") that was the key stone to solve the problem of classifying finitedimensional pointed Hopf algebras over Abelian groups. It turned out that Hopf algebras of this type are all isomorphic to variations of (Borel parts of) small quantum groups. The implementation of this method is based on the notions of Nichols algebras, braided spaces and PBWdeformations, and led to the development of generalized root systems and Weyl groupoids.
Time permitting, I will present a generalized lifting method that allows to construct new examples of nonpointed Hopf algebras related to quotients of quantized coordinate algebras over simple algebraic groups.
Tuesday, May 7th, 2019
(( beware of the change of day and time!!! ))
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Gastón Andrés GARCÍA (Universidad Nacional de La Plata)
"Classifying finitedimensional Hopf algebras"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
In this talk I will introduce the problem of classifying (finitedimensional) Hopf algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. This is a difficult question, since the theory of Hopf algebras includes as first examples group algebras and universal enveloping algebras of Lie algebras. Up to know, there are very few general results, hence all efforts are focused on solving the classification problem for certain families of Hopf algebras: e.g., the semisimple ones, the pointed ones, or those of small dimension.
The main obstruction lies in the lack of enough examples. Although the appearance of Quantum Groups gave a strong impulse to the theory, drawing the attention of mathematicians from different areas (representation theory, mathematical physics, QCFT, etc.), the problem is far from being solved.
In this talk I will present some structural results, different techniques for classifying particular families of Hopf algebras, and then describe the current situation of the classification problem for small dimension.
Monday, April 29th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Carmelo Antonio FINOCCHIARO (Università di Catania)
"Spectral spaces of rings and modules and applications"
Abstract:
Let K be a field and D be a subring of K. The space Zar(K/D) of all the valuation domains of K containing D as a subring can be endowed with the topology, called the Zariski topology, generated by the sets of the type Zar(K/D[x]) , for every x in K. In [C. A. Finocchiaro, M. Fontana, K. A. Loper, "The constructible topology on spaces of valuation domains", Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 365, n. 12 (2013), 61996216] it was proved that Zar(K/D) is a spectral space and a ring whose prime spectrum is homeomorphic to Zar(K/D) was explicitly provided. In this talk we will introduce a spectral extension of Zar(K/D) , that is, the space of all Dsubmodules of K. More generally, given any ring A, a Zariskilike spectral topology can be given to the space S_{A}(M) of Asubmodules of an Amodule M. Some application to flat modules (see [C. A. Finocchiaro, D. Spirito, "Topology, intersection of modules and flat modules", Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 144 (2016), no. 10, 41254133]) will be presented.
Monday, April 15th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Andrea MAFFEI (Università di Pisa)
"Equazioni differenziali con singolarità di tipo Oper"
Abstract:
Lo spazio degli Oper regolari è una famiglia di equazioni differenziali lineari in una variabile complessa t, dipendenti da un parametro x e con una singolarità in t = x , associati ad un gruppo semisemplice G. Nel caso di G = SL(2) nel seminario verranno introdotte e studiate delle famiglie di equazioni differenziali dipendenti da due parametri x, y con singolarità in t = x e t = y e che per x diverso da y sono oper regolari vicino a x e vicino a y . Verrà determinato il tipo di equazioni che si ottiene per x = y .
I risultati descritti sono parte di un progetto di ricerca in collaborazione con Giorgia Fortuna.
Monday, April 8th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Martina LANINI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Combinatorial Fock space and representations of quantum groups at roots of unity"
Abstract:
The classical Fock space arises in the context of mathematical physics, where one would like to describe the behaviour of certain configurations with an unknown number of identical, noninteracting particles. By work of Leclerc and Thibon, it(s qanalogue) has a realisation in terms of the affine Hecke algebra of type A and it controls the representation theory of the corresponding quantum group at a root of unity. In joint work with Arun Ram and Paul Sobaje, we produce a generalisation of the qFock space to all Lie types. This gadget can also be realised in terms of affine Hecke algebra and captures decomposition numbers for quantum groups at roots of unity.
Monday, April 1st, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Dmitriy RUMYNIN (University of Warwick)
"KacMoody Groups: representations, localisation, duality"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
We will look at representation theory of a complete KacMoody group G over a finite field. G is a locally compact totally disconnected group, similar, yet slightly different to the group of points of a reductive group scheme over a local field. After defining the group we will prove that the category of smooth representations has finite homological dimension. At the end we discuss localisation and homological duality for this category.
Monday, March 25th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Claudio PROCESI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma  Accademia dei Lincei)
"Perpetuants: a lost treasure"
Abstract:
Perpetuant is one of the several concepts invented (in 1882) by J. J. Sylvester in his investigations of covariants for binary forms. It appears in one of the first issues of the American Journal of Mathematics which he had founded a few years before. It is a name which will hardly appear in a mathematical paper of the last 70 years, due to the complex history of invariant theory which was at some time declared dead only to resurrect several decades later. I learned of this word from GianCarlo Rota who pronounced it with an enigmatic smile.
In this talk I want to explain the concept, a Theorem of Stroh, and some new explicit description.

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Monday, March 11th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Wolfgang SOERGEL
(Freiburg University)


"KazhdanLusztig Theory"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
The study of continous actions of groups like GL(n;R) and GL(n;C) on Banach spaces leads to interesting algebraic questions.
This field has seen great progress recently, and I want to talk on it.
Monday, March 4th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Viola SICONOLFI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Wonderful models for generalized Dowling lattices"
Abstract:
Given a subspace arrangement, De Concini and Procesi in the '90s described the construction of a variety associated to it, namely its wonderful model. An important feature of these model is that some of its geometric aspects are linked to some combinatorical properties of the subspace arrangement, in particular the description of its boundary and its Betti numbers.
During the talk I will consider the subspace arrangement associated to a generalized Dowling lattice, a combinatorial object introduced by Hanlon.
The aim is to study the wonderful model associated to it and to give a description of its boundary. To deal with this I will use a bijection between the set of boundary components of the wonderful model and a family of graphs. This is a joint work with Giovanni Gaiffi.
Monday, February 25th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Ghislain FOURIER (RWTH Aachen)
"Recent developments on degenerations of flag and Schubert varieties"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
I'll recall flag varieties and Schubert varieties, and building on that PBW and linear degenerations. This first part is meant to be an introduction for Master and Phdstudents.
I'll proceed with recent results on PBW degenerations of Schubert varieties, explaining triangular and rectangular Weyl group elements. The talk will end with several open questions, discussing the current limit of generalizations.
Tuesday, February 19th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Benoit FRESSE (Université de Lille)
"Kontsevich' graph complexes, operadic mapping spaces, and the GrothendieckTeichmüller group"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
I will report on a joint work with Victor Turchin and Thomas Willwacher about the applications of graph complexes to the study of mapping spaces associated to E_{n}operads.
The class of E_{n}operads consists of objects that are homotopy equivalent to a reference model, the operad of little ndisks, which was introduced by BoardmanVogt in topology. I will briefly review the definition of these objects.
The main goal of my talk is to explain that the rational homotopy of mapping spaces of E_{n}operads has a combinatorial description in terms of the homology of Kontsevich' graph complexes. This approach can also be used for the study of homotopy automorphism spaces associated to Enoperads. In the case n=2 , one can identify the result of this computation with the prounipotent GrothedieckTeichmüller group.
The proof of these statements relies on results on the rational homotopy of E_{n}operads which I will also briefly explain in my talk.
Monday, February 4th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Paolo SENTINELLI (Universidad de Chile  Santiago)
"The JonesWenzl idempotent of a generalized TemperleyLieb algebra"
Abstract:
Given a finite dimensional generalized TemperleyLieb algebra , defined as a quotient of the Hecke algebra of a finite Coxeter group, we will define its JonesWenzl idempotente, in analogy with the classical case (type A).
In type B, these algebras have recently prove useful for the construction of knot invariants on the solid torus. On the other hand, in type A, the JonesWenzl idempotent appear in the construction of coloured Jones polynomials; thus one can believe that similar constructions can be found in type B or in other typer (where it
makes sense to do some knot theory).
Taking into account a basis (the one indexed by the socalled fully commutative elements) which is seldom used in this context, we will show a way to obtain recursive formulas for the JonesWenzl idempotent, that are new even in the classical case, from which we shall deduce explicitly some coefficients of its expansion with respect to the above mentioned basis (namely, those related with the maxima of the minuscule quotients). These coefficients seem to be important in positive characteristic.
Monday, January 28th, 2019
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Paolo LIPPARINI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Introduction to universal algebra"
Abstract:
I will present a brief overview of some classical results in universal algebra, trying to stress the links with the study of algebra in a more "classical" sense, or the lack of such links.
Time permitting, I will consider some more recent developments, such as commutator theory and Hobby and McKenzie's classification of finite algebraic structures.
Monday, January 21st, 2019
h. 16:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Sam GUNNINGHAM (University of Edinburgh)
"Quantum character theory"
Abstract:
I will give an overview of various approaches to studying character varieties (moduli spaces of local systems on manifolds) using tools of geometric representation theory and topological field theory. For example, in my work with BenZvi and Nadler we show that the homology groups of character varieties (which are the subject of fascinating conjectures of Hausel and Rodriguez Villegas) are extracted from a certain topological field theory associated to the monoidal category of HarishChandra bimodules. A closely related topological field theory constructed by BenZvi, Brochier, and Jordan defines canonical quantization of character varieties associated to the quantum group; in my ongoing work with David Jordan we are investigating how this theory computes invariants of knots and skeins in 3manifolds via qanalogues of character sheaves and HarishChandra bimodules.
I will not assume any priori familiarity with any of these concepts.
Monday, January 14th, 2019
h. 16:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Corrado DE CONCINI ("Sapienza"  Università di Roma)
"Projective Wonderful Models for Toric Arrangements and their Cohomology"
Abstract:
(joint work with Giovanni Gaiffi) I plan to sketch an algorithmic procedure which allows to build projective wonderful models for the complement of a toric arrangement in a ndimensional algebraic torus T in analogy with the case of subspaces in a linear or projective space. The main step of the construction is a combinatorial algorithm that produces a projective toric variety in which the closure of each layer of the arrangement is smooth.
The explicit procedure of our construction allows us to describe the integer cohomology rings of such models by generators and relations.
Monday, December 10th, 2018
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Gwyn BELLAMY (Glasgow University)
"Resolutions of symplectic quotient singularities"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
In this talk I will explain how one can explicitly construct all crepant resolutions of the symplectic quotient singularities associated to wreath product groups. The resolutions are all given by Nakajima quiver varieties. In order to prove that all resolutions are obtained this way, one needs to describe what happens to the geometry as one crosses the walls inside the GIT parameter space for these quiver varieties. This is based on joint work with Alistair Craw.
Monday, December 3rd, 2018
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Spela SPENKO (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
"Comparing commutative and noncommutative resolutions of singularities"
Abstract:
Quotient singularities for reductive groups admit the canonical Kirwan (partial) resolution of singularities, and often also a noncommutative resolution. We will motivate the occurrence of noncommutative resolutions and compare them to their commutative counterparts (via derived categories in terms of the BondalOrlov conjecture). This is a joint work with Michel Van den Bergh.
Workshop
"Representation theory in Rome
and Beyond"

Friday, November 16th, 2018
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"


N.B.: this workshop is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
h. 14:15  Welcome speech
by Giulia Maria PIACENTINI CATTANEO
(Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
h. 14:30  Michel BRION (Université de Grenoble)
"Automorphisms of almost homogeneous varieties"
Abstract:
The automorphism group of a projective variety X is known to be a "locally algebraic group", extension of a discrete group (the group of components) by a connected algebraic group. But the group of components of Aut(X) is quite mysterious; in particular, it is not necessarily finitely generated.
In this talk, we will discuss the structure of Aut(X) when X has an action of an algebraic group with an open dense orbit. In particular, we will see that the group of components is arithmetic (and hence finitely generated) under this assumption.
h. 15:45  Michèle VERGNE (Inst. Math. Jussieu / Académie de Sciences  Paris)
"Quiver Grassmannians, Qintersection and Horn conditions"
Abstract:
h. 16:45  Coffee Break
☆ ☆ ☆ Greeting Toasts for Elisabetta and Velleda ☆ ☆ ☆
h. 17:15  Peter LITTELMANN (Cologne University)
"Standard Monomial Theory via NewtonOkounkov Theory"
Abstract:
Sequences of Schubert varieties, contained in each other and successively of codimension one, naturally lead to valuations on the field of rational functions of the flag variety. By taking the minimum over all these valuations, one gets a quasi valuation which leads to a flat semitoric degeneration of the flag variety. This semitoric degeneration is strongly related to the Standard Monomial Theory on flag varieties as originally initiated by Seshadri, Lakshmibai and Musili. This is work in progress jointly with Rocco Chirivi and Xin Fang.
Monday, November 5th, 2018
h. 16:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Niels KOWALZIG (Università di Napoli "Federico II")
"Higher brackets on cyclic and negative cyclic (co)homology"
Abstract:
In this talk, we will embed the string topology bracket developed by ChasSullivan and Menichi on negative cyclic cohomology groups as well as the dual bracket found by de Thanhoffer de VoelcseyVan den Bergh on negative cyclic homology groups into the global picture of a noncommutative differential (or Cartan) calculus up to homotopy on the (co)cyclic bicomplex in general, in case a certain Poincaré duality is given. For negative cyclic cohomology, this in particular leads to a BatalinVilkovisky algebra structure on the underlying Hochschild cohomology. In the special case in which this BV bracket vanishes, one obtains an e_3algebra structure on Hochschild cohomology. The results are given in the general and unifying setting of (opposite) cyclic modules over (cyclic) operads.
All this is joint work with D. Fiorenza.
Monday, November 5th, 2018
h. 14:30  Room TBA
Paolo BRAVI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Spherical functions and orthogonal polynomials"
Abstract:
I will explain how some questions we asked a few years ago on the multiplication of spherical functions on symmetric spaces are related to the socalled linearization problem for a certain kind of orthogonal polynomials, namely Jacobi polynomials. I will state some conjectures in the particular case of Jack polynomials.
Monday, October 22nd, 2018
h. 16:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Layla SORKATTI (AlNeelain University, Khartoum)
"Symplectic alternating algebras"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
We first give some general overview of symplectic alternating algebras and then focus in particular on the structure and classification of nilpotent symplectic alternating algebras.
Monday, September 24th, 2018
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Pramod N. ACHAR (Louisiana State University)
"The Humphreys conjecture on support varieties of tilting modules"
N.B.: this talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project CUP E83C18000100006
Abstract:
Let G be a reductive algebraic group over a field of positive characteristic. This talk is about geometric invariants of representations of G. Given a finitedimensional Grepresentation V, classical results of AndersenJantzen and FriedlanderParshall make it possible to associate to V a certain subset of the nilpotent elements in the Lie algebra of G, called the "support variety of V". About 20 years ago, Humphreys proposed a conjectural description of the support variety for an important class of modules called tilting modules. I will discuss recent progress on this conjecture. This is joint work with William Hardesty and Simon Riche.
Friday, June 8th, 2018
h. 17:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Jacinta TORRES (KIT  Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)
"Kostant Convexity and the Affine Grassmannian"
Abstract:
We present some ideas and results towards a buildingtheoretical affine Grassmannian. One of our aims is to substitute many proofs carried out using relations in the KacMoody group using certain retractions. This is joint work in progress with Petra Schwer.
Friday, June 8th, 2018
h. 15:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Gabriele GULLÀ (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Logical methods across mathematics: three examples in algebra"
Abstract:
In this seminar I will talk about three well known examples of algebraic problems which have been engaged with logical tools (in particular set theoretic tools).
The first one, due to Patrick Dehornoy, is about the use of very high Large Cardinals Axioms to solve problems linked to Laver Tables, which are objects closely related to Braids theory.
The second one is about the study of relations among Forcing Axioms (which are extensions of Baire Category Theorem) and Operator Algebras, in particular C^{*}algebra problems. This field of research has particularly grown thanks to Ilijas Farah and Nick Weaver.
The last one concerns the proof (by Saharon Shelah, 1974) of the independence of Whitehead Problem (a group theory problem from the '50s) from ZFC (the usual ZermeloFraenkel set theory with the Axiom of Choice). In this example in particular the set theoretic ideas which are useful are the Continuum Hypothesis (which can be considered as a cardinal assumption), Martin's Axiom (a specific Forcing Axiom) and the Axiom of Constructibility which is, in a certain way, an antiLarge Cardinal axiom.
Friday, May 25th, 2018
h. 16:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Giovanni CERULLI IRELLI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Cellular decomposition of quiver Grassmannians"
Abstract:
I will report on a joint project with F. Esposito, H. Franzen and M. Reineke  cf. arXiv:1804.07736. Quiver Grassmannians are projective varieties parametrizing subrepresentations of quiver representations of a fixed dimension vector. The geometry of such projective varieties can be studied via the representation theory of quivers (or of finite dimensional algebras). Quiver Grassmannians appeared in the theory of cluster algebras. As a consequence of the positivity conjecture of Fomin and Zelevinsky, the Euler characteristic of quiver Grassmannians associated with rigid quiver representations must be positive; this fact was proved by Nakajima.
We explore the geometry of quiver Grassmannians associated with rigid quiver representations: we show that they have property (S) meaning that: (1) there is no odd cohomology, (2) the cycle map is an isomorphism, (3) the Chow ring admits explicit generators defined over any field. As a consequence, we deduce that they have polynomial point count. If we restrict to quivers which are of finite or affine type (i.e. orientation of simplylaced extended Dynkin diagrams) we can prove much more: in this case, every quiver Grassmannian associated with an indecomposable representation (not necessarily rigid) admits a cellular decomposition.
Friday, May 25th, 2018
h. 15:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Ernesto SPINELLI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Codimension growth and minimal varieties"
Abstract:
In characteristic zero an effective way of measuring the polynomial identities satisfied by an algebra is provided by the sequence of its codimensions introduced by Regev. In this talk we review some features of the codimension growth of PI algebras, including the deep contribution of Giambruno and Zaicev on the existence of the PIexponent, and discuss some recent developments in the framework of group graded algebras. In particular, a characterisation of minimal supervarieties of fixed superexponent will be given. The last result is part of a joint work with O. M. Di Vincenzo and V. da Silva.
Friday, May 4th, 2018
h. 16:30  Room "Mauro Picone"
Claudia PINZARI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Weak quasiHopf algebras, tensor categories and conformal field theory"
Abstract:
In the early nineties, Mack and Schomerus introduced the notion of weak quasiHopf algebra as an extension of that of quasiHopf algebra of Drinfeld to the case where the coproduct is not unital. The class allows an analogue of twist deformations. We shall discuss various aspects of the theory, including the introduction of a weak analogue of the notion of Hopf algebras in a cohomological interpretation, or the study of C^{*}structures with unitary ribbon structure. The special subclass includes the quantum groupoids recently associated to the modular categories of type A.
We use the general theory to construct new structures of tensor C^{*}categories on tensor categories from known C^{*}structures. Applications include the construction of tensor C^{*}categories for the affine vertex operator algebras and builds on WenzlXu and KazhdanLusztigFinkelberg theory.
The talk is based on an ongoing joint work with Sebastiano Carpi and Sergio Ciamprone.
Friday, May 4th, 2018
h. 15:00  Room "Mauro Picone"
Claudia MALVENUTO ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Partitions and pictures of posets and finite topologies: a Hopf algebraic viewpoint"
Abstract:
In the seminal work of 1972, Richard Stanley gave a generalization to posets of semistandard tableaux associated to diagrams of partitions, and to its generating functions, going from Schur functions and symmetric functions to the world of quasisymmetric functions. Since then, many different and fundamental Hopf algebra structures were studied in connection to it. Furthermore, the theory of pictures between partition diagrams is known to encode much of the combinatorics of symmetric group representations and related topics: it captures for example the LittlewoodRichardson formula, as already shown by Zelevinsky. In 2011, this framework was extended to double posets (pairs of orders coexisting on a given finite structure).
Recently we worked out a similar approach for finite preorders, which in turn are equivalent to finite topologies, and developed it from the point of view of combinatorial Hopf algebras, leading to new advances in the field.
This is a joint work with Loic Foissy and Frèdèric Patras.
Friday, April 13th, 2018
h. 16:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
René SCHOOF (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Il teorema di Lagrange per schemi in gruppi piatti e finiti"
Abstract:
Il teorema di Lagrange dice che in un gruppo di cardinalità n la potenza nesima di ogni elemento è uguale all’elemento neutro. Una congettura classica afferma che un risultato simile vale per schemi in gruppi piatti e finiti. Spiegherò la dimostrazione di un caso speciale della congettura.
Friday, April 13th, 2018
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Velleda BALDONI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Multiplicities & Kronecker coefficients"
Abstract:
Multiplicities of representations appear naturally in different contexts and as such their description could use different languages. The computation of Kronecker coefficients is in particular a very interesting problem which has many applications.
I will describe an approach based on methods from symplectic geometry and residue calculus (joint work with M. Vergne and M. Walter). I will state the general formula for computing Kronecker coefficients and then give many examples computed using an algorithm that implements the formula.
The algorithm does not only compute individual Kronecker coefficients, but also symbolic formulas that are valid on an entire polyhedral chamber. As a byproduct, it is possible to compute several Hilbert series.
Friday, March 16th, 2018
h. 15:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Kirill ZAYNULLIN (University of Ottawa)
"Equivariant motives and Sheaves on moment graphs"
Abstract:
Goresky, Kottwitz and MacPherson showed that the equivariant cohomology of varieties equipped with an action of a torus T can be described using the so called moment graph, hence, translating computations in equivariant cohomology into a combinatorial problem. Braden and MacPherson proved that the information contained in this moment graph is sufficient to compute the equivariant intersection cohomology of the variety. In order to do this, they introduced the notion of a sheaf on moment graph whose space of sections (stalks) describes the (local) intersection cohomology. These results motivated a series of paper by Fiebig, where he developed and axiomatized sheaves of moment graphs theory and exploited BradenMacPherson's construction to attack representation theoretical problems.
In the talk we explain how to extend this theory of sheaves on moment graphs to an arbitrary algebraic oriented equivariant cohomology h in the sense of LevineMorel (e.g. to Ktheory or algebraic cobordism). Moreover, we show that in the case of a total flag variety X the space of global sections of the respective hsheaf also describes an endomorphism ring of the equivariant hmotive of X.
This is a very recent joint work with Rostislav Devyatov and Martina Lanini.
Friday, March 16th, 2018
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Kirill ZAYNULLIN (University of Ottawa)
"Equivariant oriented cohomology and generalized Schubert calculus"
Abstract:
This lecture can be viewed as an introduction to algebraic oriented cohomology theories (cohomology/Chow groups, Ktheory, (local) elliptic cohomology, algebraic cobordism, etc.) and their (mostly T)equivariant analogues. Our basic motivating example is the algebraic cobordism Ω which was constructed by LevineMorel around 05's.
This theory serves as an algebraic analogue of the usual complex cobordism from algebraic topology of 60's (similarly, the Chow group serves as an algebraic version of the usual singular cohomology). We explain a general procedure which allows to compute such theories for generalized flag varieties G/P.
The talk is based on my joint results with Calmès, Petrov, Zhong and others.
Friday, February 23rd, 2018
h. 15:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Laura GEATTI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"The adapted hyperKähler structure on the tangent bundle of a Hermitian symmetric space II"
Abstract:
The cotangent bundle of a compact Hermitian symmetric space X = G/K (a tubular neighbourhood of the zero section, in the noncompact case) carries a unique Ginvariant hyperKähler structure compatible with the Kähler structure of X and the canonical complex symplectic form of T^{*}X .
The tangent bundle TX, which is isomorphic to T^{*}X, carries a canonical complex structure J, the so called "adapted complex structure", and admits a unique Ginvariant hyperKähler structure compatible with the Kähler structure of X and the adapted complex structure J. The two hyperKähler structures are related by a Gequivariant fiber preserving diffeomorphism of TX, as already noticed by Dancer and Szöke.
The fact that the domain of existence of J in TX is biholomorphic to a
Ginvariant domain in the complex homogeneous space G_{C}/K_{C} allows us to use Lie theoretical tools and moment map techniques to explicitly compute the various quantities of the "adapted hyperKähler structure".
This is part of a joint project with Andrea Iannuzzi, and this talk concludes his presentation of February 9.
Friday, February 23rd, 2018
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Domenico FIORENZA ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Tduality in rational homothopy theory"
Abstract:
Sullivan models from rational homotopy theory can be used to describe a duality in string theory. Namely, what in string theory is known as topological Tduality between K^{0}cocycles in type IIA string theory and K^{1}cocycles in type IIB string theory, or as Hori's formula, can be recognized as a FourierMukai transform between twisted cohomologies when looked through the lenses of rational homotopy theory. This is an example of topological Tduality in rational homotopy theory, which can be completely formulated in terms of morphisms of Linfinity algebras. Based on joint work with Hisham Sati and Urs Schreiber (arXiv:1712.00758).
Friday, February 9th, 2018
h. 15:30  Room 1B1 (SBAI)
Andrea IANNUZZI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Adapted hyperKaehler structures I: previous examples and the adapted setting"
Abstract:
In this first talk, we wish to recall basic facts and classical constructions of invariant hyperKaehler structures on the cotangent bundle T^{*}X of a Hermitian symmetric space X=G/K due to EguchiHanson, Calabi, Biquard, Gauduchon, Feix, Kaledin.
On (a tubolar neighborhood of) the tangent bundle TX ~ T^{*}X one also has the adapted complex structure J which makes it biholomorphic to the (crown domain in the) complex homogeneous space G^{}_{C}/K_{C}. By letting J replace the role of the holomorphic symplectic form on T^{*}X, one obtains the unique adapted hyperKaehler structure associated to G/K . In this context, the interplay of complex geometry and the Lie group structure of G_{C} leads to an explicit realization of all the terms of such a structure.
Time permitting, we compare the adapted context with the previous constructions. This is part of a joint project with Laura Geatti. More details on the adapted realization in the second talk.
Friday, February 9th, 2018
h. 14:00  Room 1B1 (SBAI)
Roberto CONTI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Le algebre di Cuntz e i loro automorfismi"
Abstract:
Le C^{*}algebre (non unitali) rappresentano spazi topologici (localmente) compatti possibilmente noncommutativi e i loro automorfismi giocano quindi lo stesso ruolo degli omeomorfismi in ambito classico. Esistono molte costruzioni di C^{*}algebre con proprietà specifiche, che possano risultare utili nei diversi contesti. Negli anni settanta, Doplicher e Roberts utilizzarono sistematicamente multipletti di n isometrie con somma dei proiettori finali uguali all'identità per implementare morfismi localizzati in teoria algebrica dei campi. Le C^{*}algebre O_{n} generate da tali famiglie di n isometrie sono oggi note come algebre di Cuntz e sono uno degli oggetti più studiati nell'ambito delle algebre di operatori. Nel seminario introdurremo tali C^{*}algebre e, dopo averne ricordato alcune proprietà e applicazioni, ci soffermeremo su alcune recenti tematiche che emergono nello studio dei loro gruppi di automorfismi.
Friday, January 12th, 2018
h. 15:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Ilaria DAMIANI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"On the Drinfeld coproduct"
Abstract:
In an unpublished note Drinfeld defined a new ``coproduct'' on the affine quantum algebras U_{q} (different from the DrinfeldJimbo one), which actually takes values in a completion of the tensor product of U_{q} x U_{q} . In the simply laced case it is not too hard to prove that the relations defining U_{q} are preserved by the Drinfeld coproduct (which is then a well defined algebra homomorphism); but in the other cases the expression of the Drinfeld coproduct applied to the Serre relations is very complicated, and till now the direct attempts to prove that it is zero failed. In this talk a different strategy is presented: the bracket by the Drinfeld generators is
deformed so to get a locally nilpotent derivation D on a suitable algebra V; the study of the exponential of D, which is an algebra automorphism of D, provides a proof that the Drinfeld coproduct is well defined.
This construction works for both the affine quantum algebras and the toroidal quantum algebras.
Friday, January 12th, 2018
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Alberto DE SOLE ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Walgebre: dall'identità di Capelli generalizzata alle gerarchie KdV generalizzate"
Abstract:
Descriverò la costruzione di un operatore di tipo Lax L(z) associato sia
alle Walgebre W(g,f) quantistiche finite, sia a quelle classiche affini. Per g = gl_{N} , tale operatore si costruisce, nel caso quantistico finito, tramite una formula che generalizza l'identità di Capelli. Nel caso classico affine, invece, l'operatore di Lax L(z) può essere utilizzato per costruire una gerarchia integrabile di equazioni alle derivate parziali che generalizza la gerarchia KdV.
I risultati presentati sono frutto di un lavoro in collaborazione con V. Kac e D. Valeri.
Friday, December 1st, 2017
h. 15:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Fabio GAVARINI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Supergroups vs. super HarishChandra pairs: a new equivalence"
Abstract:
In the setup of supergeometry, "symmetries" are encoded as supergroups (algebraic or Lie ones), whose infinitesimal counterpart is given by Lie superalgebras. Moreover, every supergroup also bears a "classical (=nonsuper) content", in the form of a maximal classical subgroup. Thus every supergroup has an associated pair given by its tangent Lie superalgebra and its maximal classical
subgroup  what is called a "super HarishChandra pair" (or "sHCp" in short): overall, this yields a functor F from supergroups to sHCp's.
It is known that the functor F is an equivalence of categories: indeed, this was showed by providing an explicit quasiinverse functor, say G, to F. Koszul first devised G for the real Lie case, then later on several other authors extended his recipe to more general cases.
In this talk I shall present a new functorial method to associate a Lie supergroup with a given sHCp: this gives a functor K from sHCp's to supergroups which happens to be a quasiinverse to F, that is intrinsically different from G.
In spite of different technicalities, the spine of the method for constructing the functor K is the same regardless of the kind of supergeometry (i.e., algebraic, real differential or complex analytic one) we are dealing with, so I shall treat all cases at once.
Friday, December 1st, 2017
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Alessandro D'ANDREA ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Dynamical systems on graphs and HeckeKiselman monoids"
Abstract:
A Coxeter monoid is generated by idempotents satisfying the usual braid relations found in the presentation of Coxeter groups. Kiselman's semigroups are certain monoids, originally introduced in the context of convexity theory. HeckeKiselman monoids provide a generalization of both concepts. I will first address the finiteness problem for HeckeKiselman monoids, and then give a combinatorial description of Kiselman's semigroups  and possibly some of its quotients  by considering all possible evolutions of some special dynamical systems on a graph, called "update systems".
Friday, November 17th, 2017
h. 14:30  Room 1201 "Roberta Dal Passo"
Michael EHRIG (University of Sidney)
"Functoriality of link homologies and higher representation theory"
Abstract:
In this talk, we will discuss the notion of functoriality of link homologies defined by Khovanov and KhovanovRozansky. These link homologies are categorifications of the link invariants defined by ReshetikhinTuraev in case of the special linear group. We will discuss why functoriality is an important notion and how to show it. The latter will include the equivariant geometry of Grassmannians and partial flag varieties as well as higher representation theory.
Tuesday, September 26th, 2017
h. 15:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Lara BOSSINGER (University of Cologne)
"Toric degenerations of Grassmannians: birational sequences and the
tropical variety"
Abstract:
As toric varieties are well understood due to their rich combinatorial structure, a toric degeneration allows to deduce properties of the original variety. For Grassmannians, such degenerations can be obtained from birational sequences and the tropical Grassmannian.
The first were recently introduced by Fang, Fourier, and Littelmann. They originate from the representation theory of Lie algebras and algebraic groups. In our case, we use a sequence of positive roots for the Lie algebra sl_{n} to define a valuation on the homogeneous coordinate ring of the Grassmannian. Nice properties of this valuation allow us to define a filtration whose associated graded algebra (if finitely generated) is the homogeneous coordinate ring of the toric variety.
The second was defined by Speyer and Sturmfels and is an example of a tropical variety: a discrete object (a fan) associated to the original variety that shares some of its properties and in nice cases, as the one of Grassmannians, provides toric degenerations. In this talk, I will briefly explain the two approaches and establish a connection between them.
Monday, June 12th, 2017
h. 16:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Paolo PAPI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Conformal embeddings"
Abstract:
Introdurrò la nozione di conformal embedding partendo dalla definizione originaria in termini di algebre affini per poi discutere la nozione a livello di algebre di vertice. Illustrerò la classificazione dei conformal embeddings massimali associati a algebre di vertice affini ottenuta in collaborazione con Adamovic, Kac, Moseneder, Perse.
Monday, June 12th, 2017
h. 15:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Francesco BRENTI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Punti fissi e salite adiacenti in gruppi classici complessi di riflessioni"
Abstract:
In [Adv. Applied. Math., 2014] Diaconis, Evans e Graham dimostrano che il numero di permutazioni di S_{n} che hanno salite adiacenti in un certo insieme I è uguale al numero di permutazioni che hanno punti fissi minori di n in I. In questo seminario investigherò quanto questo risultato può essere raffinato ed esteso ai gruppi classici complessi di riflessioni. Questo lavoro è in collaborazione con M. Marietti.
Monday, May 29th, 2017
h. 16:30  Room "Mauro Picone"
Luca GIORGETTI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Modular Tensor Categories in Conformal Field Theory and their classification problem"
Abstract:
MTCs are finite braided tensor categories where the braiding is nondegenerate, i.e., maximally nonsymmetric. They owe their name to the wellknown fact that this nondegeneracy is actually equivalent to the appearance of representations of the modular group PSL(2,Z) by means of certain canonically defined matrices S, T (also called modular data).
I will explain their relevance in physics (more precisely, in models of chiral CFT) and comment on a trace formula for selfbraidings by means of modular data, which can be used in the classification problem of MTCs.
References: http://web.math.ucsb.edu/~zhenghwa/data/course/cbms.pdf ,
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1201.6593.pdf , https://arxiv.org/abs/1305.2229 , http://arxiv.org/abs/1606.04378v1
Monday, May 29th, 2017
h. 15:00  Room "Mauro Picone"
Mario MARIETTI (Università Politecnica delle Marche)
"The Combinatorial Invariance Conjecture for parabolic KazhdanLusztig polynomials"
Abstract:
The DyerLusztig Combinatorial Invariance Conjecture states that a KazhdanLusztig polynomial is determined by the underlying poset structure. We discuss the problem of combinatorial invariance in the parabolic setting.
Wednesday, May 17th, 2017
h. 13:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Simona SETTEPANELLA (Hokkaido University)
"Intersection lattice of Discriminantal arrangement and hypersurfaces in Grassmannian"
Abstract:
In 1989 Manin and Schechtman considered a family of arrangements of hyperplanes
generalizing classical braid arrangements which they called the Discriminantal arrangements. Such an arrangement consists of parallel translates of collection of n hyperplanes in general position in C^{k} which fail to form a generic arrangement in C^{k}. In 1994 Falk showed that the combinatorial type of Discriminantal arrangement depends on the collection of n hyperplanes in general position in C^{k}.
In 1997 Bayer and Brandt divided generic arrangements in C^{k} in "very generic" and "non very generic" depending of the intersection lattice of associated Discriminatal arrangement. In 1999 Athanasiadis provided a full description of intersection lattice for Discriminantal arrangement in the very generic case.
More recently, in 2016, Libgober and Settepanella gave a description of rank 2 intersection lattice of Discriminantal arrangement in non very generic case, providing a sufficient geometric condition for a generic arrangement in C^{k} to be non very generic. In this talk we will recall their result and we will show that non very generic arrangements in C^{3} satisfying their condition correspond to points in a degree 2 hypersurface in the complex Grassmannian Gr(3,n). This is a joint work with S. Sawada and S. Yamagata.
Monday, May 15th, 2017
h. 16:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Giovanni CERULLI IRELLI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"The cluster multiplication formula"
Abstract:
In 2005, Caldero and Chapoton introduced a formula that provide an intrinsic description of the cluster variables of cluster algebras associated with Dynkin quivers. The key to prove the formula was a cluster multiplication formula. This formula was extended to acyclic quivers by Caldero and Keller in 2006 and further generalized by Hubery and independently by Fan Xu in 2010. In a more general context the multiplication formula was proved to hold by Yann Palu in his PhD thesis in 2009. In this talk I will revise the history of this formula and provide a new proof which seems much more simple than the previous ones. This is part of a joint project with F. Esposito, H. Franzen and M. Reineke.
Seguendo un lungo programma di classificazione iniziato da Luna nel 2001, le varietà sferiche omogenee sono state classificate combinatoricamente mediante notevoli oggetti combinatorici che possono essere pensati come generalizzazioni di sistemi di radici, tuttavia continua a sapersi abbastanza poco sui relativi insiemi delle Borbite. Oltre al naturale ordinamento, l'insieme delle Borbite di una varietà sferica presenta una ricca struttura combinatorica: un'azione del gruppo di Weyl su di esso è stata definita da Knop. Dopo aver discusso i problemi generali, introdurrò alcune famiglie di esempi dove la classificazione delle Borbite può essere presentata in modo puramente combinatorico, mediante opportuni sistemi di radici che si comportano molto bene relativamente all'azione del gruppo di Weyl.
Monday, May 15th, 2017
h. 15:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Guido PEZZINI ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Varietà simmetriche per gruppi di KacMoody"
Abstract:
Le varietà simmetriche sono varietà di notevole importanza nella teoria dei gruppi algebrici, hanno legami ed applicazioni fondamentali in vari campi quali geometria Riemanniana, analisi armonica, e teoria delle rappresentazioni. Nel seminario ricorderemo alcune proprietà di queste varietà, nell'ottica della teoria delle varietà sferiche. Inoltre discuteremo di una possibile generalizzazione infinitodimensionale, per gruppi di KacMoody. Il seminario si basa su una collaborazione con Bart Van Steirteghem.
Friday, May 5th, 2017
h. 16:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Jacopo GANDINI (Scuola Normale Superiore  Pisa)
"Sull'insieme delle orbite di un gruppo di Borel in una varietà sferica"
Abstract:
Sia G/H uno spazio omogeneo per un gruppo algebrico riduttivo G. Tale G/H è detto varietà sferica (omogenea) se si decompone in un numero finito di orbite sotto l'azione di un sottogruppo di Borel B di G. L'esempio più semplice di questa situazione è quello della varietà delle bandiere G/B , il cui insieme delle Borbite è in corrispondenza biunivoca con il gruppo di Weyl di G. Un'altro caso particolare di questa situazione che è stato molto studiato è quello delle varietà simmetriche (vale a dire quando H è l'insieme dei punti fissi di un'involuzione di G), nel qual caso Richardson e Springer hanno sviluppato un notevole apparato combinatorico per lo studio dell'insieme delle Borbite e del relativo ordinamento dato dall'inclusione delle chiusure.
Seguendo un lungo programma di classificazione iniziato da Luna nel 2001, le varietà sferiche omogenee sono state classificate combinatoricamente mediante notevoli oggetti combinatorici che possono essere pensati come generalizzazioni di sistemi di radici, tuttavia continua a sapersi abbastanza poco sui relativi insiemi delle Borbite. Oltre al naturale ordinamento, l'insieme delle Borbite di una varietà sferica presenta una ricca struttura combinatorica: un'azione del gruppo di Weyl su di esso è stata definita da Knop. Dopo aver discusso i problemi generali, introdurrò alcune famiglie di esempi dove la classificazione delle Borbite può essere presentata in modo puramente combinatorico, mediante opportuni sistemi di radici che si comportano molto bene relativamente all'azione del gruppo di Weyl.
Friday, May 5th, 2017
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Paolo SALVATORE (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Formalità in algebra, topologia e geometria"
Abstract:
Una struttura algebrica differenziale (A,d) si dice formale se è equivalente nella categoria derivata alla sua coomologia (H(A),0). Questo ha senso per esempio per algebre associative, commutative, operads. Farò una panoramica di risultati di (non)formalità, e loro significato, per strutture provenienti dalla topologia e dalla geometria, dal teorema di DeligneGriffithsMorganSullivan, al lavoro di Kontsevich e altri sugli operad dei piccoli dischi, fino ai risultati recenti di Horel e FresseTurchinWillwacher.
Friday, April 21st, 2017
h. 16:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Niels KOWALZIG ("Sapienza" Università di Roma)
"Higher Structures and Cyclic Operads"
Abstract:
We will discuss the notion of noncommutative differential calculus introduced by Nest, Tamarkin, and Tsygan, which in particular asks for a very general algebraic notion of Lie derivative and cap product, along with a cyclic differential in the sense of Connes and the structure of a Gerstenhaber algebra. We then dedicate our attention to socalled opposite modules over operads with multiplication (in kmod) and the ingredients required to obtain on them the structure of a cyclic module and how the underlying simplicial homology gives rise to a BatalinVilkovisky module over the cohomology of the operad. Examples include the wellknown calculi from differential geometry and in algebra on Hochschild cohomology groups. An interesting application consists in considering a cyclic operad as an opposite module over itself by which one obtains a homotopy formula for the bracket of a BatalinVilkovisky algebra, which allows to reprove Menichi's result on BatalinVilkovisky algebra structures on the simplicial cohomology of a cyclic operad with multiplication.
Friday, April 21st, 2017
h. 15:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Yoh TANIMOTO (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Rappresentazioni ad energia positiva dei loop group e net conformi"
Abstract:
Un loop group è il gruppo delle mappe dal cerchio S^{1} ad un gruppo (di Lie, compatto) con l'operazione punto per punto. Su esso agisce il cerchio in un modo naturale e si può considerare una classe delle rappresentazioni proiettive dove l'azione del cerchio ha uno spettro positivo, che si comportano una maniera analoga a quella del gruppo compatto. Tra tali rappresentazioni ce ne sono alcune il cui vettore ad energia minima è unico, il vuoto. Ad una rappresentazione col vuoto si può associare un net di algebre di von Neumann, un oggetto assiomatico per la teoria quantistica dei campi, e si possono considerare le loro rappresentazioni. Si dimostra che c'è una corrispondenza uno a uno tra le rappresentazioni ad energia positiva (ad un livello fisso) e le rappresentazioni del net. Spiego alcune nozioni che si possono definire o calcolare in una parte ma sono difficili nell'altra, per esempio dimensioni, fusioni e rappresentazioni indotte.
Tuesday, April 11th, 2017
h. 14:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Salvatore STELLA (Sapienza  Università di Roma)
"Gruppi di KacMoody, minori generalizzati e rappresentazioni di quiver"
Abstract:
La teoria delle rappresentazioni dei gruppi di KacMoody e quella dei quiver aciclici presentano entrambe, nel caso generale, una struttura tripartita. Le rappresentazioni di un gruppo di KacMoody G sono divise naturalmente in tre classi (peso più alto, peso più basso e livello zero) a seconda di come il centro di G agisce. Le rappresentazioni indecomponibili di un quiver Q sono preproiettive, postiniettive o regolari a seconda di dove sono collocate nel quiver di AuslanderReiten associato a Q.
In questo seminario illustreremo un modo per collegare queste due tripartizioni. Identificando l'anello delle funzioni regolari su un'opportuna cella doppia di Bruhat di G con un'algebra cluster mostreremo che le variabili cluster che vengono da Qmoduli preproiettivi (rispettivamente postiniettivi o regolari) possono essere interpretate come minori generalizzati associati a rappresentazioni di peso più alto (rispettivamente peso più basso o livello zero) di G.
Non assumeremo nessuna conoscenza delle algebre cluster e solo minime nozioni di teoria delle rappresentazioni.
Monday, April 10th, 2017
h. 14:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Andrea APPEL (University of South California  Los Angeles)
"Monodromia della connessione di Casimir e categorie di Coxeter"
Abstract:
Una categoria di Coxeter (o di quasiCoxeter) è una categoria tensoriale intrecciata sui cui oggetti è data un'azione naturale di un gruppo di trecce generalizzato B_{W}. L'assiomatica corrispondente è molto simile a quella delle categorie tensoriali intrecciate con analoghi vincoli di associatività e commutatività atti
però a descrivere una proprietà di coerenza di una famiglia di funtori di restrizione. Mostreremo quindi come costruire due esempi di tale struttura sulla categoria O (integrabile) di un'algebra di KacMoody simmetrizzabile g: la prima è indotta dal corrispondente gruppo quantico U_{h}(g); la seconda è costruita a
partire dalla monodromia delle corrispondenti connessioni KZ e Casimir di g. Grazie a un teorema di
rigidità  dimostrato nell'ambito di categorie PROP  tale struttura sulla categoria O risulta unica (a meno di equivalenza). Da ciò segue in particolare che la monodromia della connessione di Casimir è descritta dagli operatori del gruppo di Weyl quantico di U_{h}(g).
Questo lavoro è in collaborazione con Valerio Toledano Laredo.




Colloquium di Dipartimento
Wednesday, November 11th, 2016
h. 15:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Valerio TOLEDANO LAREDO
(Northeastern University  Boston)


"Differential equations and quantum groups"
Abstract:
Quantum groups were introduced in the mideighties by Drinfeld and Jimbo as the algebraic backbone of the quantum Inverse Scattering Method of Statistical Mechanics. They were soon found to have a host of other applications: to lowdimension topology, representation theory, and algebraic geometry to name a few.
This talk will concentrate on one aspect of quantum groups, namely their uncanny ability to describe the monodromy of integrable systems of partial differential equations attached to semisimple Lie algebras.
This phenomenon was originally discovered by Drinfeld and Kohno in the early 90s in connection with the KnizhnikZamolodchikov equations of Conformal Theory. More recently, I proved that quantum groups also describe the monodromy of the socalled Casimir equations of a semisimple Lie algebra and, in recent joint work with Andrea Appel (USC), that this continues to hold for any symmetrisable KacMoody algebra.



Tuesday, June 24th, 2015
h. 15:00  Aula di Consiglio
Fabio GAVARINI (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Affine supergroups and super HarishChandra pairs"
Abstract:
Together with any supergroup, one can naturally associate the pair made of its classical (i.e. non super) underlying group and its tangent Lie superalgebra, two objects which obey some obvious mutual compatibility constraints; any similar pair is called "super HarishChandra pair" (=sHCp). This construction leading from supergroups to sHCp's is functorial, and actually an equivalence, as an explicit quasiinverse functor is known.
In this talk I present a new, totally different recipe for such a quasiinverse: indeed, it extends to a much larger setup, with a more geometrical method. I shall mainly adopt the point of view of algebraic (super)geometry, but the bunch of ideas and results we shall be dealing with actually applies to the real differential, the real analytic and the complex analytic case as well.
Reference: F. Gavarini, "Global splittings and super HarishChandra pairs for affine supergroups", Transactions of the American Mathematical Society (to appear), 56
pages – see http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0462



Thursday, June 19th, 2014
h. 11:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Jerzy WEYMAN (University of Connecticut)
"Local Cohomology supported in determinantal varieties  II"
Abstract:
This is a minicourse on local cohomology supported in determinantal varieties. In this second lecture, two recent papers by C. Raicu and E. Witt will be discussed.
Wednesday, June 18th, 2014
h. 11:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Nicola SAMBIN (University of Connecticut)
"Semiinvariants for tame algebras"
Abstract:
This is the discussion of the speaker's Ph. D. Thesis.
Monday, June 16th, 2014
h. 11:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Jerzy WEYMAN (University of Connecticut)
"Local Cohomology supported in determinantal varieties  I"
Abstract:
This is a minicourse on local cohomology supported in determinantal varieties. In this first lecture the basic notions will be introduced.
Thursday, September 26th, 2013
h. 13:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephen DONKIN (York)
"Resolutions of Quantised Weyl Modules"
Abstract:
This is joint work with Ana Paula Santana and Ivan Yudin (Coimbra). In a recent paper Santana and Yudin proved a conjecture of Boltje and Hartmann on the exactness of a certain complexes of modules for the symmetric groups. This was done by first producing a resolution of Weyl modules of general linear groups and then applying the Schur functor. Still more recently analogous complexes of modules for the Hecke algebra of type A appeared in a paper by Boltje and Maisch. We adopt the same approach as in the classical case to show that these too are exact. In order to do this we develop some homological algebra of quantum general linear groups.
Monday, September 23rd, 2013
h. 15:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Marc ROSSO (Paris 7)
"Around multiparametric quantum groups"
Abstract:
Besides the familiar quantized enveloping algebras
(depending on a parameter q), differents kinds of multiparametric
versions were constructed by several authors, from various motivations:
via twisting of quasitriangular Hopf algebras, via Hopf 2cocycles deformations, from
the point of view quantized shuffle algebras on a braided vector space of diagonal
type. They also have some interesting relations with multiparametric commutation
relations, non commutative symmetric functions, etc.
This talk will present an overview of the subject.
Thursday, September 19th, 2013
h. 11:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephen DONKIN (York)
"On the calculation of the cohomology of line bundles on flag varieties
in characteristic p  IV"
Abstract:
Let G be a reductive algebraic group (for example a special linear
group) and let B be a Borel subgroup (i.e., a maximal closed connected
solvable subgroup). The representation theory of G is closely related
to the algebraic geometry of the quotient space G/B. In characteristic
0 this connection is succinctly summarized by the BorelBottWeil Theorem. This shows in particular that the cohomology of a line bundle is nonzero in at most one degree and its character is either a Weyl character or 0. In characteristic p the connection between the representation theory and geometry still exists and has been extremely useful (in work by Haboush, Andersen, Jantzen and others). Nevertheless there is no known analogue of the BorelBottWeil Theorem. Earlier work (e.g. that of Andersen and Humphreys) has focused on the module structure of the cohomology spaces. However, concentrating only on the character one can get complete information in some low rank cases using infinitesimal methods. So far the cases worked out completely are G = SL(2) (classical), G = SL(3) (Donkin), and G = Sp(4) in characteristic 2 (Donkin and Geranios). We describe an
approach to this problem using infinitesimal methods and how they may be used to give recursive formulas for the characters of the cohomology of line bundles in favorable circumstances.
Tuesday, September 17th, 2013
h. 11:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephen DONKIN (York)
"On the calculation of the cohomology of line bundles on flag varieties in characteristic p  III"
Abstract:
Let G be a reductive algebraic group (for example a special linear
group) and let B be a Borel subgroup (i.e., a maximal closed connected
solvable subgroup). The representation theory of G is closely related
to the algebraic geometry of the quotient space G/B. In characteristic
0 this connection is succinctly summarized by the BorelBottWeil Theorem. This shows in particular that the cohomology of a line bundle is nonzero in at most one degree and its character is either a Weyl character or 0. In characteristic p the connection between the representation theory and geometry still exists and has been extremely useful (in work by Haboush, Andersen, Jantzen and others). Nevertheless there is no known analogue of the BorelBottWeil Theorem. Earlier work (e.g. that of Andersen and Humphreys) has focused on the module structure of the cohomology spaces. However, concentrating only on the character one can get complete information in some low rank cases using infinitesimal methods. So far the cases worked out completely are G = SL(2) (classical), G = SL(3) (Donkin), and G = Sp(4) in characteristic 2 (Donkin and Geranios). We describe an
approach to this problem using infinitesimal methods and how they may be used to give recursive formulas for the characters of the cohomology of line bundles in favorable circumstances.
Thursday, February 28th, 2013
h. 15:00  Room "Francesco De Blasi"
Gastón Andrés GARCÍA
(FaMAFCIEM / Universidad Nacional de Córdoba)
"Quantum groups and Hopf algebras"
Abstract:
We will introduce the notion of quantum group and we will show its relation with
the classification problem of finitedimensional Hopf algebras over an algebraically closed
field of characteristic zero.
Quantum groups, introduced in 1986 by Drinfeld, form a certain class of Hopf algebras. They can be presented as deformations in one or more parameters of associative algebras related to
semisimple (reductive) linear algebraic groups or semisimple (reductive) Lie algebras.
One of the main open problems in the theory of Hopf algebras is the classification of
finitedimensional Hopf algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. The
first obstruction in solving the classification is the lack of enough examples. Hence, it is
necessary to find new families of Hopf algebras. From the beginning, this role was played by the
quantum groups. They consists of a large family with different structural properties and were
used with profit to solve the classification problem for fixed dimensions.
After introducing quantum groups and Hopf algebras, we will give some basic examples and we will study properties that characterize the known quantum groups. Finally, we will show how they get into the scene of the classification problem.
Thursday, February 14th, 2013
h. 15:00  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Ulrich KRÄHMER (Glasgow)
"On the DolbeaultDirac operator of a quantised Hermitian symmetric space"
Abstract:
In this joint work with Matthew TuckerSimmons (Berkeley) the cobarcomplex of the quantised compact Hermitian symmetric spaces is identified with the Koszul complexes of the quantised symmetric algebras of Berenstein and Zwicknagl. This leads for example to an explicit construction of the
relevant quantised Clifford algebras.
The talk will be fairly selfcontained and begin with three micro courses covering the necessary classical background (one on Dirac operators, one on symmetric spaces, one on Koszul algebras), and then I’ll explain how noncommutative geometry and quantum group theory lead to the problems that we are dealing with in this project.
Tuesday, January 29th, 2013
h. 15:30  Room "Claudio D'Antoni"
Laiachi EL KAOUTIT (Granada  Spagna)
"The universal PicardVessiot ring, differential operators,
jet spaces and completed Hopf algebroids"
Abstract:
In this talk we will see how the affine scheme Spec(V) represented by the "universal PicardVessiot ring" V of the affine line A^{1}_{C} over the complex numbers admits the structure of an affine algebraic groupoid, or, equivalently, that V is a commutative Hopf algebroid over the coordinate ring C[x]. Each affine algebraic Galois group attached to a matrix linear differential equation can then be identified with a closed subset of some affine algebraic groupoid containing an image of Spec(V). Moreover, the category of all differential modules is recognized as the Cauchy category of (right) comodules over V.
This will be a specialization of a general result which we will show and that
deals with a certain duality between commutative Hopf algebroids and cocommuative (right) Hopf algebroids where source and target are equal. As we will see, in the case of the affine line this duality is strongly related to the wellknown duality between differential operators and jet spaces. The general case, where one considers the jet bundle of a given Lie algebroid, is also analysed and where the notion of completed commutative Hopf algebroids makes its appearance.
(part of the results were obtained in collaboration with José GómezTorrecillas)



Thursday, June 14th, 2012
h. 15:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Niels KOWALZIG (INdAMTor Vergata)
"Twisted Cyclic (Co)Homology of Hopf Algebroids"
Abstract:
The notions of Hopf algebroids and their cyclic (co)homology, Hopfcyclic (co)homology, incorporate concepts of generalised symmetries in noncommutative geometry (i.e., the noncommutative analogue of groupoids and Lie algebroids) and their associated (co)homologies. We discuss the cyclic cohomology for left Hopf algebroids (also known as "×AHopf algebras") with coefficients in a right moduleleft comodule which is not necessarily stable anti YetterDrinfel'd, and we explain how this fits into the monoidal category of (Hopf algebroid) modules showing that it descends in a canonical way from the cyclic cohomology of corings. A generalization of cyclic duality that makes sense for arbitrary paracyclic objects yields a dual homology theory. We then give a few new examples of (left) Hopf algebroids such as universal enveloping algebras of LieRinehart algebras (Lie algebroids), jet spaces, and convolution algebras over étale groupoids. By computing their respective cyclic theory, we establish Hopfcyclic (co)homology as a noncommutative extension of both Lie algebroid (co)homology and groupoid homology. In particular, both Hochschild and Poisson (co)homology, crucial ingredients in, for example, deformation quantisation, are covered by this theory.
Wednesday, June 13th, 2012
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Cristina DI TRAPANO (Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Semiinvariants of Artin algebras"
Abstract:
Let K be an algebraically closed field with characteristic 0 and let (Q,R) be a bound quiver without oriented cycles of finite type. Then we shall show that the ring of semiinvariants on a faithful irreducible component of the variety of all representations of (Q,R) of a given dimension vector is a semigroup ring. We shall describe a complete set of generators and relations of such ring. Moreover, we shall see an application to the class of tilted algebras of type A_{n}.
Tuesday, April 24th, 2012
h. 11:4514:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephen DONKIN (York)
"Representations of the hyperalgebra of a semisimple group  III"
Abstract:
The point is to develop the representation theory of the hyperalgebra of a semisimple group (in characteristic p). To get the hyperalgebra you take the enveloping algebra of a complex Lie algebra, take the Kostant Zform and tensor with a field of characteristic p. The point is that this is a very nice algebra (in particular a Hopf algebra) and one can
develop its representation theory "from scratch". At some point one proves that the category of finite dimensional modules is the same as the category of modules for the algebraic group with the same root system. So this gives a way in to the representation theory of algebraic groups that does not require any algebraic geometry.
(N.B.: this is the third and last part of a threesessions seminar)
Thursday, April 19th, 2012
h. 14:0017:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephen DONKIN (York)
"Representations of the hyperalgebra of a semisimple group  II"
Abstract:
The point is to develop the representation theory of the hyperalgebra of a semisimple group (in characteristic p). To get the hyperalgebra you take the enveloping algebra of a complex Lie algebra, take the Kostant Zform and tensor with a field of characteristic p. The point is that this is a very nice algebra (in particular a Hopf algebra) and one can
develop its representation theory "from scratch". At some point one proves that the category of finite dimensional modules is the same as the category of modules for the algebraic group with the same root system. So this gives a way in to the representation theory of algebraic groups that does not require any algebraic geometry.
(N.B.: this is the second part of a threesessions seminar)
Tuesday, April 17th, 2012
h. 11:4514:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephen DONKIN (York)
"Representations of the hyperalgebra of a semisimple group  I"
Abstract:
The point is to develop the representation theory of the hyperalgebra of a semisimple group (in characteristic p). To get the hyperalgebra you take the enveloping algebra of a complex Lie algebra, take the Kostant Zform and tensor with a field of characteristic p. The point is that this is a very nice algebra (in particular a Hopf algebra) and one can
develop its representation theory "from scratch". At some point one proves that the category of finite dimensional modules is the same as the category of modules for the algebraic group with the same root system. So this gives a way in to the representation theory of algebraic groups that does not require any algebraic geometry.
(N.B.: this is the first part of a threesessions seminar)

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Monday, January 17th, 2011
h. 15:00  Room 2001
Earl J. TAFT (Rutgers)


"Polynomially recursive sequences and combinatorial identities"
Abstract:
A polynomially recursive sequence satisfies a recursive relation with
variable coefficients. The set of these sequences has the structure of a topological
bialgebra. If such a sequence is of a combinatorial nature, a formula for its coproduct
can be (upon appropriate evaluation) be interpreted as a combinatorial identity.
Here we give a coproduct formula for each sequence of the form
"binomialcoefficienttimesfactorial", and its interpretation
as a combinatorial identity. We also obtain a qversion
of this coproduct formula and combinatorial identity
Thursday, June 10th, 2010
h. 11:00  Room 1103
Stephanie CUPITFOUTOU (Colonia)
"A geometrical realization of wonderful varieties  II"
Abstract:
After introducing wonderful varieties and their combinatorial
invariants, I will explain Luna's conjecture about the classification
of these varieties. On the other hand, I shall recall definition and
main results on invariant Hilbert schemes due to Alexeev and Brion.
Then I will explain how I can answer positively Luna's conjecture by
means of invariant Hilbert schemes.
(N.B.: this the second and last part of a twosessions talk)
Wednesday, June 9th, 2010
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Stephanie CUPITFOUTOU (Colonia)
"A geometrical realization of wonderful varieties  I"
Abstract:
After introducing wonderful varieties and their combinatorial
invariants, I will explain Luna's conjecture about the classification
of these varieties. On the other hand, I shall recall definition and
main results on invariant Hilbert schemes due to Alexeev and Brion.
Then I will explain how I can answer positively Luna's conjecture by
means of invariant Hilbert schemes.
(N.B.: this the first part of a twosessions talk)

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Tuesday, June 8th, 2010
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Enrico BOMBIERI (IAS, Princeton)


"Zeta and Lfunctions yesterday and tomorrow"
Abstract:
This lecture is a panorama of zeta and Lfunctions. The Riemann,
Dirichlet, Dedekind zeta functions, and Hecke Lfunctions are
introduced. This is followed by the second way of introducing
Lfunctions, via Galois extensions and Artin Lfunctions. This is
followed by the third way of defining Lfunctions, via automorphic
functions. The interrelation of these three classes leads to the
modern theory with basic conjectures and the Langlands program. The
geometric point of view is also given, with zeta functions of
varieties over finite fields, with an outline of Weil's proof of the
Riemann hypothesis for curves over a finite field. The lecture
concludes with the modern conjectures and developments and about the
analytic theory of zeta and Lfunctions and open problems.
Monday, May 24th, 2010
h. 17:30  Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica
Workshop "Incontro Nazionale di Algebra Moderna"
Velleda BALDONI (Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Funzioni di partizione e politopi: esempi ed applicazioni"
Monday, May 3rd, 2010
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
David BUCHSBAUM (Brandeis)
"Some open problems in representation theory and commutative algebra from the homological point of view"
Wednesday, March 17th, 2010
h. 15:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Petter BRANDEN (KTH Stoccolma)
"Multivariate stable polynomials and the monotone column permanent conjecture"
Abstract:
Joint with Borcea we have recently developed a theory around multivariate stable polynomials, i.e. polynomials that are nonvanishing whenever all variables are in the open upper halfplane. The monotone column permanent conjecture (MCPC) asserts that certain univariate polynomials arising from permanents have only real zeros. We will prove a vast generalization of MCPC using the theory of stable polynomials.
This is joint work with Haglund, Visontai and Wagner.
Wednesday, September 23rd, 2009
h. 10:30 (2 ore)  Room 1101
Rita FIORESI (Bologna)
"Supergeometria  4"
Abstract:
La supergeometria si è rivelata uno strumento fondamentale in fisica per lo studio e la classificazione delle particelle elementari. Dopo i lavori fondazionali degli anni '70 e '80 del secolo scorso, di Berezin, Kostant e Manin, più recentemente altri matematici, fra i quali Bernstein e Deligne, si sono dedicati ad una trattazione più moderna di questa teoria utilizzando tecniche di geometria algebrica, prima fra tutte il funtore dei punti. Queste lezioni
sono tratte dal libro "Mathematical Foundations of Supersymmetry", attualmente in corso
di pubblicazione; che contiene una bibliografia esaustiva (per una versione ridotta e preliminare del libro, si veda il sito xxx.lanl.gov).
Lezione 4:
Introdurremo la nozione di superschema e di funtore dei punti, con una particolare
attenzione per i supergruppi algebrici affini e le loro superalgebre di Lie.
N.B: per il loro carattere introduttivo, queste lezioni si indirizzano anche a studenti di laurea specialistica.
Tuesday, September 22nd, 2009
h. 15:00 (2 ore)  Room 1101
Rita FIORESI (Bologna)
"Supergeometria  3"
Abstract:
La supergeometria si è rivelata uno strumento fondamentale in fisica per lo studio e la classificazione delle particelle elementari. Dopo i lavori fondazionali degli anni '70 e '80 del secolo scorso, di Berezin, Kostant e Manin, più recentemente altri matematici, fra i quali Bernstein e Deligne, si sono dedicati ad una trattazione più moderna di questa teoria utilizzando tecniche di geometria algebrica, prima fra tutte il funtore dei punti. Queste lezioni
sono tratte dal libro "Mathematical Foundations of Supersymmetry", attualmente in corso
di pubblicazione; che contiene una bibliografia esaustiva (per una versione ridotta e preliminare del libro, si veda il sito xxx.lanl.gov).
Lezione 3:
Faremo una panoramica sui superspazi ed il loro funtore dei punti descrivendo numerosi esempi delle due tipologie più importanti di superspazio: le supervarietà differenziabili e i superschemi.
N.B: per il loro carattere introduttivo, queste lezioni si indirizzano anche a studenti di laurea specialistica.
Thursday, September 17th, 2009
Università di Roma "La Sapienza"  dipartimento di Matematica
h. 10:30 (2 ore)  Aula di Consiglio
Rita FIORESI (Bologna)
"Supergeometria  2"
Abstract:
La supergeometria si è rivelata uno strumento fondamentale in fisica per lo studio e la classificazione delle particelle elementari. Dopo i lavori fondazionali degli anni '70 e '80 del secolo scorso, di Berezin, Kostant e Manin, più recentemente altri matematici, fra i quali Bernstein e Deligne, si sono dedicati ad una trattazione più moderna di questa teoria utilizzando tecniche di geometria algebrica, prima fra tutte il funtore dei punti. Queste lezioni
sono tratte dal libro "Mathematical Foundations of Supersymmetry", attualmente in corso
di pubblicazione; che contiene una bibliografia esaustiva (per una versione ridotta e preliminare del libro, si veda il sito xxx.lanl.gov).
Lezione 2:
Ripasseremo i concetti classici di fascio e spazio anellato, i rudimenti della teoria degli schemi e del funtore dei punti classico (N.B.: questa lezione non e' necessaria a chi già conosce e usa questi strumenti).
N.B: per il loro carattere introduttivo, queste lezioni si indirizzano anche a studenti di laurea specialistica.
Wednesday, September 16th, 2009
Università di Roma "La Sapienza"  dipartimento di Matematica
h. 15:00 (2 ore)  Aula di Consiglio
Rita FIORESI (Bologna)
"Supergeometria  1"
Abstract:
La supergeometria si è rivelata uno strumento fondamentale in fisica per lo studio e la classificazione delle particelle elementari. Dopo i lavori fondazionali degli anni '70 e '80 del secolo scorso, di Berezin, Kostant e Manin, più recentemente altri matematici, fra i quali Bernstein e Deligne, si sono dedicati ad una trattazione più moderna di questa teoria utilizzando tecniche di geometria algebrica, prima fra tutte il funtore dei punti. Queste lezioni
sono tratte dal libro "Mathematical Foundations of Supersymmetry", attualmente in corso
di pubblicazione; che contiene una bibliografia esaustiva (per una versione ridotta e preliminare del libro, si veda il sito xxx.lanl.gov).
Lezione 1: Studieremo l'algebra lineare nel contesto della supergeometria introducendo i concetti fondamentali di super spazio vettoriale, superalgebra, supergruppo lineare e superalgebra di Lie.
N.B: per il loro carattere introduttivo, queste lezioni si indirizzano anche a studenti di laurea specialistica.



Monday, December 1st, 2008
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Alexander POSTNIKOV (M.I.T.  Boston)
"Totally positive Grassmannians, matroids and polytopes"
Abstract:
We will discuss combinatorics coming from geometry of the totally positive Grassmannian. This object has an interesting structure of CWcomplex. Its cells are the positive parts of GelfandSerganova matroid strata. They generalize type A double Bruhat cells of FominZelevinsky. This work is closely related to FominZelevinsky's cluster algebras. We will also discuss some recent joint results with Thomas Lam on extension of total positivity to the affine Grassmannian. Moment polytopes for positive points on the affine Grassmannian form an interesting class of convex polytopes, which we call polypositroids. These polytopes have remarkable combinatorial properties.
Monday, November 10th, 2008
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
David BUCHSBAUM (Brandeis University)
"Il flusso dell'omologia attraverso l'algebra: un panorama selettivo"
Monday, June 16th, 2008
h. 14:50  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Giovanni CERULLI IRELLI (Padova)
"Canonical bases and quiver Grassmannians in some cluster algebras of affine type"
Abstract:
Cluster algebras were introduced by S.Fomin and A.Zelevinsky in 2001 with the aim of studying total positivity and canonical basis in semisimple algebraic groups. Here we present one of the first steps in the direction of finding canonical bases of such algebraic structure. We study a particular class of cluster algebras and we find their "canonical basis". We give an interpretation of such elements in terms of quiver Grassmannians. Such an interpretation is inspired by the works of P.Caldero and B.Keller. All the necessary definitions will be given. In particular no previous knowledge about cluster algebras is needed.
Monday, June 16th, 2008
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Riccardo ARAGONA (Tor Vergata)
"Semiinvariants of symmetric quivers"
Abstract:
We shall describe the space of orthogonal and symplectic representations of a symmetric quiver, i.e. a quiver for which there exists an involution on the set of arrows and on the set of vertices. In particular we shall define an action of a product of classical groups on this space and, using definition of special types of semiinvariants for such action (Schofield), we shall display a set of generators of the ring of semiinvariants for symmetric quivers of finite type. Time permitting, we shall hint at the case of symmetric quivers of tame type.
Thursday, May 15th, 2008
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Irasema SARMIENTO
"Hopf Algebras and transition polynomials"
Abstract:
Transition polynomials of 4regular graphs were defined by Jaeger. Many polynomials with a wide range of applications in mathematics and physics are transition polynomials. Such is the case for Penrose, Martin and Kauuman bracket polynomials. The Tutte polynomial of a plane graph is also a transition polynomial (in the case x=y). Transition polynomials for all Eulerian graphs were defined by the author and J.A. Ellis  Monaghan. We see generalized transition polynomials as homomorphisms of Hopf Algebras.

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Tuesday, May 13th, 2008
h. 14:30  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Christian KASSEL (Strasbourg)


"Quantum groups and knot theory"
Abstract:
This is a general survey where I discuss the spectacular connection between
quantum groups and topology. If time permits I'll present the way how from the general formalism behind this connection one can have the absolute Galois group of the rationals (a very typical object of number theory and still quite mysterious), which acts on the Vassiliev invariants of knots. Vassiliev invariants form a big class of invariants that includes all the new invariants that can be constructed from quantum groups, such as the famous Jones polynomial of knots.

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Wednesday, April 23rd, 2008
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo"
Jerzy WEYMAN (Northeastern University, Boston)


"Quivers, Clusters, Pictures"
Abstract:
In this talk I will describe certain combinatorial structures of generalized associahedra appearing in several apparently unrelated constructions. The combinatorics of general decompositions of quiver representations turns out to be closely related to the theory of cluster algebras of FominZelevinsky and to the IgusaOrr theory of pictures designed to describe the homology of nilpotent groups of uppertriangular matrices.
Departing from the definition of quiver representations and Gabriel, theorem I will define the generalized associahedra and sketch how they appear in the other areas mentioned above.
Friday, January 25th, 2008
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo" (1201)
Antonin GUILLOUX (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata", LIEGRITS  ENS Lyon)
"Representations of linear groups: a dynamical point of view  3"
Abstract:
It is possible to study the theory of unitary representations of linear groups  for example SL(2,R)  from a dynamical point of view. And stating some theorems with the language of dynamical systems yields a good understanding of certain groups actions, namely actions of lattices in linear groups  for example the subgroup of matrices with integral entries SL(2,Z).
Here we will present a simple case, due to Margulis. We will introduce the hyperbolic plane and geometry together with the action of the groups SL(2,R) and SL(2,Z). Then we will state some results about unitary representations of SL(2,R) and see their dynamical interpretations to eventually count the cardinality of certain subsets of the hyperbolic plane.
This third (and last) lecture will be devoted to equirepartition and counting. We will see how the tools developed during the second lecture apply to the problem stated during the first.
Wednesday, January 23rd, 2008
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo" (1201)
Antonin GUILLOUX (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata", LIEGRITS  ENS Lyon)
"Representations of linear groups: a dynamical point of view  2"
Abstract:
It is possible to study the theory of unitary representations of linear groups  for example SL(2,R)  from a dynamical point of view. And stating some theorems with the language of dynamical systems yields a good understanding of certain groups actions, namely actions of lattices in linear groups  for example the subgroup of matrices with integral entries SL(2,Z).
Here we will present a simple case, due to Margulis. We will introduce the hyperbolic plane and geometry together with the action of the groups SL(2,R) and SL(2,Z). Then we will state some results about unitary representations of SL(2,R) and see their dynamical interpretations to eventually count the cardinality of certain subsets of the hyperbolic plane.
This second lecture will be devoted to unitary representations of linear groups. We will focus on the example of SL(2,R) and then on the dynamical aspects.
Monday, January 21st, 2008
h. 14:00  Room "Roberta Dal Passo" (1201)
Antonin GUILLOUX (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata", LIEGRITS  ENS Lyon)
"Representations of linear groups: a dynamical point of view  1"
Abstract:
It is possible to study the theory of unitary representations of linear groups  for example SL(2,R)  from a dynamical point of view. And stating some theorems with the language of dynamical systems yields a good understanding of certain groups actions, namely actions of lattices in linear groups  for example the subgroup of matrices with integral entries SL(2,Z).
Here we will present a simple case, due to Margulis. We will introduce the hyperbolic plane and geometry together with the action of the groups SL(2,R) and SL(2,Z). Then we will state some results about unitary representations of SL(2,R) and see their dynamical interpretations to eventually count the cardinality of certain subsets of the hyperbolic plane.
This first lecture will be devoted to the hyperbolic plane and the actions of SL(2,R) and SL(2,Z). Moreover, we will state the main result of the course.



Monday, December 10th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Thomas BLIEM (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata", LIEGRITS)
"On weight multiplicities of complex simple Lie algebras"
Abstract:
I will explain parts of a line of thought which eventually leads to complete knowledge of the characters of complex simple Lie algebras, namely: using work by Littelmann, one can express weight multiplicities of simple representations as numbers of points in certain families of polytopes. From this one obtains a presentation of the weight multiplicity function as a vector partition function. Hence, by Sturmfels' structure theorem on vector partition functions, the weight multiplicity function is piecewise quasipolynomial. The actual domains of quasipolynomiality and the corresponding quasipolynomials can be calculated using the method of inverse Laplace transformation and work by De Concini and Procesi on the JeffreyKirwan residue. I will present computations for so(5, C). Parts of the talk will be elementary and accessible to any student having followed an introductory course in complex analysis.
Wednesday, June 20th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Giovanni CERULLI IRELLI (Padova)
"Cluster algebras with coefficients and
their relations with tropical geometry"
Abstract:
The general definition of a cluster algebra A depends on the choice of a "semifield", in which the group of the "coefficients" of A lies. In many geometric realizations of A this semifield is a "tropical semifield", such as those which are commonly used in tropical geometry.
We shall present the main definitions and results of the recent work "Cluster algebras. IV. Coefficients" [Compos. Math. 143 (2007), 112164] by S. Fomin and A. Zelevinsky. Moreover, we shall give the example of the rank 2 cluster algebras.
All needed definitions will be given. In particular, no previous knowledge of the theory of cluster algebras is assumed.
Thursday, June 14th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Giovanni CERULLI IRELLI (Padova)
"Cluster algebras and quiver representations"
Abstract:
Any antisymmetric matrix B is associated to a quiver Q(B) and to a cluster algebra (without coefficients) A(B). In the last years, the study of a quotient category, called "cluster category", of Rep(Q(B)) has been widely developed. The tilting objects of this category correspond to a set of generators of A(B) called "clusters". This correspondence has found an explicit form in terms of "quiver Grassmannians". Without assuming any knowledge of the theory of cluster algebras, we shall provide such a correspondence.

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Thursday, May 31st, 2007
h. 14:30, Room 1201
Louis J. BILLERA (Cornell University")


"Quasisymmetric functions for Bruhat intervals and
KazhdanLusztig polynomials"
Abstract: We associate a
quasisymmetric function to any Bruhat interval in a general Coxeter group.
This association can be seen to give a morphism of Hopf algebras to the
subalgebra of all peak functions, leading to an extension of the usual
cdindex of the interval to the complete cdindex. We show how the
KazhdanLusztig polynomial of the Bruhat interval can be expressed in
terms of this complete cdindex and otherwise explicit combinatorially
defined polynomials. This is joint work with Franceso Brenti.
Monday, May 21st, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1103
Filippo VIVIANI (Roma "Tor Vergata"  Djursholm "MittagLeffler")
"Restricted simple Lie algebras and their deformations"
Abstract:
A Lie algebra over a field of positive characteristic p is called restricted (or a pLie algebra) if it is endowed with a pmap which resembles the properties of the map that sends a derivation to its pth power. This pmap appears naturally when considering the Lie algebra of a group scheme in positive characteristic. And conversely, to every restricted Lie algebra one can associate a finite group scheme with vanishing Frobenius morphism.
A great progress in this theory has been the recent classification of the simple restricted Lie algebras (over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic different from 2 and 3) by WilsonBlockPremetStrade.
In the first part of this talk, I will review this classification.
In the second part, I will consider the problem of deforming these simple restricted Lie algebras as well as their associated finite group schemes.
Friday, May 18th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Filippo VIVIANI (Roma "Tor Vergata"  Djursholm "MittagLeffler")
"Group schemes and Lie algebras in positive characteristic"
Abstract:
The Lie algebra associated to an affine group scheme over a field
of positive characteristic p is naturally equipped with a
poperation. In other words, it is naturally a restricted
or pLie algebra. Moreover, this restricted Lie algebra is
closely related to the first Frobenius kernel of the group scheme.
In the first part of the talk, I will review these classical constructions.
In the second part, I will concentrate on finite group schemes. In particular, I will show that a simple finite group scheme over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic p
corresponds either to a simple (abstract) finite group or to a simple Lie algebra. Both these simple objects have been classified (the latter ones only in the case that p is different from 2 and 3).
If time permits, I will discuss the deformations of these simple
finite group schemes.
Friday, May 11th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  XV"
Tuesday, May 8th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  XIV"
Friday, May 4th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  XIII"
Wednesday, May 2nd, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1200
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  XII"
Friday, April 27th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  XI"
Tuesday, April 24th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  X"
Friday, April 20th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  IX"
Tuesday, April 17th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  VIII"
Thursday, April 12th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  VII"
Tuesday, April 10th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  VI"
Tuesday, April 3rd, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  V"
Monday, April 2nd, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1101
David HERNANDEZ (CNRS  Versailles)
"Structure of minimal affinizations of representations of quantum groups"
Abstract:
Minimal affinizations of representations of quantum groups are relevant modules for
quantum integrable systems. We present new results on their structure: we prove that all
minimal affinizations in types A, B, G are "special" in the sense of monomials (an analog property is also proved for a large class in types C, D, F). As an application, the FrenkelMukhin algorithm works for these modules, and we prove previously predicted explicit character formulas in types A, B.
Friday, March 30th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  IV"
Wednesday, March 28th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1101
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  III"
Friday, March 23rd, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  II"
Tuesday, March 20th, 2007
h. 14:00  Room 1103
Ph. D. course
Jerzy WEYMAN (NU Boston  INdAM)
"Quiver representations and applications  I"
Abstract:
In recent years there was a renewed interest in representations of quivers. They turned out to be related to Klyachko's solution of Horn conjecture of eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices. In another development the connection of cluster algebras of Fomin and Zelevinsky to certain quivers with relations, socalled clustertilted algebras, gave new impulse to the representations of quivers. The area developes very actively now and offers opportunities for further research.
The purpose of the course is to introduce the students to these ideas. The first part will cover the basics of quiver representations, the proof of Gabriel Theorem, AuslanderReiten theory, generic decompositions and semiinvariants. We will just discuss hereditary case (quivers without reations) so all these notions can be developed without too many technicalities. The second part will deal with connections with cluster algebras, i.e. the cluster categories and the cluster tilted algebras. We will deal mainly with the simplest case of quivers of type A_{n} which can be made very explicit.
Monday, March 7th, 2007
h. 16:00  Room 1101
Roberto LA SCALA (Bari)
"Costandard modules of Schur superalgebras in characteristic p"
Abstract:
In this talk we consider the problem of describing the costandard modules
V(l) of a Schur superalgebra S(mn,r) over a base field K of arbitrary characteristic. Precisely, if G = GL(mn) is a general linear supergroup and Dist(G) its distribution superalgebra we compute the images of the Kostant Zform under the epimorphism from Dist(G) to S(mn,r). Then we describe V(l) as the nullspace of some set of superderivations and we obtain an isomorphism between V(l) and the tensor product of V(l_{+}0) times V(0l_{}) assuming that l = (l_{+}l_{}) and l_{m} = 0 . If char(K) = p, we give a Frobenius isomorphism between V(0pm) and V(m)^{p} where V(m) is a costandard module of the ordinary Schur algebra S(n,r). Finally, we provide a characteristic free linear basis for V(l0) which is parametrized by a set of superstandard tableaux.
Monday, March 7th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Andrea BRINI (Bologna)
"Irreducible representations of general linear Lie superalgebras. Algebraic and combinatorial aspects"
Abstract:
We provide a brief outline of the basic ideas of Kac's approach to the representation theory of finite dimensional simple Lie superalgebras based upon the notion of highest weights and highest weight vectors and describe in detail the case of general linear Lie superalgebras. The representation theory of these superalgebras is very close to the representation theory of the socalled basic classical simple Lie superalgebras of type I.
The main constructions are, in this context, those of the integral highest weight modules and of the Kac modules relative to dominant integral highest weights. A deep result of Kac states that highest weight modules and Kac modules coincide if and only if the highest weight of the representation is a typical one.
The irreducible module that appear in the theory of letterplace algebra representations are covariant modules. Covariant modules are finite dimensional highest weight representations but they are not, in general, Kac modules, since their highest weights can be atypical.
We provide a detailed combinatorial analysis of covariant modules as highest weight
representations, as well as a direct description of their highest weights and highest weight vectors; these results follows at once from the fact that covariant modules are SchurWeyl modules. We mention that the theory of letterplace representations yields
 up to the action of the socalled umbral operator  the decomposition theory of the
supersymmetric algebra S^{2}(V) and of the superantisymmetric algebra of S^{2}(V), recently rediscovered by Cheng and Wang and Sergeev.
Monday, March 5th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1103
Riccardo ARAGONA (Roma "Tor Vergata")
"An introduction to the study of quiver representations"
Abstract:
We shall describe the category whose objects are the
representations of a finite quiver. In particular, we shall
consider an action of the general linear group on the set of
representations of a quiver Q. We shall define
special types of semiinvariants for such an action (Schofield)
and we shall show that they generate the ring of semiinvariants
when Q has no oriented cycles (DerksenWeyman).
Moreover, we shall generalize this last result to the case
of any quiver (DomokosZubkov). Finally, from this we shall
obtain a description of the ring of invariants for any quiver
in characteristic 0 (Le BruynProcesi).
Monday, February 26th, 2007
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Benjamin ENRIQUEZ (Strasbourg)
"Quantization of coboundary Lie bialgebras"
Abstract:
We will first recall the theory of Lie bialgebras and their quantizations as quantum groups. The main problems in this theory are "quantization problems". While the central problem (quantization of Lie bialgebras) was solved in 1994 by Etingof and Kazhdan, other problems are still open (e.g., quantization of quasiLie bialgebras). In this talk, we will describe our solution (joint with G. Halbout) of the quantization problem of coboundary Lie bialgebras. The main ingredient in this work is the fact that EtingofKazhdan quantization is compatible with twists of Lie bialgebras. To prove this, one should prove that the EtingofKazhdan approach to quantization is equivalent to another approach (the "sophisticated" approach in the terms of Drinfeld), that of constructing a universal twist killing a given associator.
After a review of the key points of the proof, we will describe one application of our work: the quantization of certain quasiPoisson homogeneous spaces.



Wednesday, December 6th, 2006
h. 14:00  Room 1201
Giovanna CARNOVALE (Università di Padova)
"Spherical conjugacy classes and involutions in the Weyl group"
Abstract:
Let G be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field of good characteristic, let B be a Borel subgroup of G and let W be the Weyl group of G. A conjugacy class C is called "spherical" if there exists a dense Borbit in C. We shall set a relation between the Bruhat decomposition of G and the spherical conjugacy classes, showing that if BwB intersects such a class C, then w is an involution in W. Thanks to this result, we shall prove that if C is a spherical conjugacy class of G, and its dense Borbit v is contained in BwB, then dim(C) = l(w) + rk(1w). This extends  to the case of a field of good characteristic  a characterization of the spherical conjugacy classes previously obtained in collaboration with Nicoletta Cantarini and Mauro Costantini. Time permitting, we shall present some applications of these results.
May 2931, 2006
h. 11:00  Room 1201
Christoph SCHWER (LIEGRITS, Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Combinatorial formulas for weight multiplicities and qanalogs"
Abstract:
We want to prove a combinatorial formula for weight
multiplicities of a semisimple complex Lie algebra g
in terms of galleries. The approach is based on calculating certain
qanalogs of these weight multiplicities using the affine
Hecke algebra.
Tuesday, April 11th, 2006
h. 14:30  Room 1103
Francesco VACCARINO (Politecnico di Torino)
"Representations, symmetric products and Hilbert schemes II: non commutative case and CayleyHamilton rings"
Abstract:
Let K be an infinite field or the ring of integers. Let M_{n}(K) denote the mtuples of nxnmatrices, and F_{m} the free associative Kalgebra on m generators. Let (TS^{n}R)^{ab} be the abelianization of the symmetric tensors of order n over R, with R a Kalgebra.
We first show that algebra of invariants K[M_{n}^{m}(K)]^{GLn(K)} is
isomorphic to (TS^{n}F_{m})^{ab} via the composition of an ndimensional representation of F_{m} with the determinant.
A CayleyHamilton ring is a ring with trace in which a formal analogue to the CayleyHamilton Theorem holds. We give a characteristic free approach to CayleyHamilton rings via norms, i.e. determinants, and we use the above isomorphism to show that the algebra of invariants M_{n}(K[M_{n}^{m}(K)])^{GLn(K)} is free in the category of nCayleyHamilton rings, thus generalizing a result due to Procesi.
Then we study under this light the generalized HilbertChow morphism from the Hilbert scheme of ncodimensional left ideals of R to the spectrum of TS^{n}(R)^{ab}, which coincides with the HilbertChow morphism when R is commutative and K is algebraically closed.
Monday, April 10th, 2006
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Francesco VACCARINO (Politecnico di Torino)
"Representations, symmetric products and Hilbert schemes I: schemes and morphisms"
Abstract:
Let K be an infinite field, and let R be a not necessarily commutative Kalgebra.
There are at least three schemes that are directly
connected to representation theory of R:
1) Rep_{n}(R), that is the coarse moduli space parameterizing the equivalence classes of ndimensional linear representations of R, i.e. the affine scheme associated to a ring of invariants defined by R;
2) Hilb_{n}(R), that is the Hilbert scheme parameterizing the left ideals of codimension n of R;
3) T_{n}(R), that is the generalized symmetric product defined by the abelianization of the symmetric tensors of order n over R.
These three objects are connected by suitable morphisms. In this talk I will introduce the above framework, and I will give sketches of some of the results that will be discussed in full details in the next two seminars.
Monday, March 27th, 2006
h. 14:00  Room 1201
Cristoph SCHWER (LIEGRITS, Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Galleries and their qanalogs"
Wednesday, January 24th, 2006
h. 14:30  Room 1103
Caroline GRUSON (Université de Nancy)
"On the odd nilpotent cone of orthosymplectic Lie superalgebras"
Abstract:
We will give a description of the nilpotent cone of
osp(m,2n,C) and
show a desingularization in the case of
osp(2n,2n+1,C).
Friday, December 16th, 2005
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Sebastien JANSOU (LIEGRITS, Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Examples of invariant Hilbert schemes"
Abstract:
For a connected reductive group G, and a finite dimensional
Gmodule V, Alexeev and M. Brion have built the
invariant Hilbert scheme: it parametrizes Gstable closed
subschemes of V affording a fixed, multiplicityfinite
representation of G in their coordinate ring. We shall
describe this scheme in the simplest case, where it parametrizes
invariant deformations of the cone of primitive vectors of a simple
Gmodule. The classification we get is related to those of
simple Jordan algebras and of wonderful varieties of rank one whose
open orbit is affine.

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Friday, November 25th, 2005
h. 15:00, Room 1201
Mina TEICHER (BarIlan University)


"Degenerations, Braid Monodromy type
and Fundamental Groups"
Abstract:
In this talk we will present old and new topological and
complex invariants of algebraic surfaces such as fundamental groups
and the Braid Monodromy Type. We will discuss algorithms constructed
for computing the above invariants (mathematical and computational)
including degenerations of surfaces. Finally we present few examples
and unexpected applications to cryptography.
Monday, November 14th, 2005
h. 15:00  Room 1101
Jerzy WEYMAN (Northeastern University, Boston)
"Generic decomposition for quiver representation"

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Wednesday, October 19th, 2005
h. 15:00, Room 1201
Arun RAM (University of Wisconsin)


"Diagram algebras as tantalizers"
Abstract:
The diagram algebras are a family of algebras that can be
defined combinatorially in terms of the multiplication of diagrams.
Some examples are Brauer algebras, Hecke algebras and group algebras
of affine braid groups. These algebras all occur as tantalizers (tensor
power centralizers) which means that one can use a generalized SchurWeyl
duality to provide a combinatorial analysis of their representation theory.
Tuesday, May 31st, 2005
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Alessandro D'ANDREA (Roma 1)
"Groups of quaternions with algebraic coefficients"
Abstract:
A celebrated theorem by Tits states that a linear group over
a field of zero characteristic either has a non abelian free group or
possesses a solvable subgroup of finite index. The original proof by
Tits is highly nonconstructive, and there has been some recent interest
in effective versions of Tits' result in particular cases.
We will focus on a technique which makes it possible to prove Tits'
alternative for a large class of groups of quaternions with algebraic
coefficients.

Colloquium di Dipartimento
Monday, May 2nd, 2005
h. 14:00, Room 1201
Peter LITTELMANN
(Bergische Universitaet Wuppertal)


"Representation theory, geometry and combinatorics,
from Young tableaux to the loop Grassmannian"
Abstract:
A little more than 100 years ago, Issai Schur published his
pioneering PhD thesis on the representations of the group of invertible
complex (n x n)matrices. At the same time, Alfred Young introduced what
later came to be known as the Young tableau. The tableaux turned out to
an extremely useful combinatorial tool in representation theory, but they
are also a very convenient instrument for the investigation of geometric
problems related to Grassmann varieties, for example in Ktheory
or in the standard monomial theory. Later, in the connection with quantum
groups and crystal bases, once again the Young tableaux turned out to be a
natural tool to control the combinatorial aspects of the theory.
This talk will explore a few of these appearances of the
ubiquitous Young tableaux and also discuss some more recent generalizations
of the tableaux and the connection with the geometry of the loop
Grassmannian.
April 182022, 2005
h. 14:00  Room 1301
David HERNANDEZ (LIEGRITS, Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Introduction to the Theory of Representations of Quantum Groups"
Abstract:
The aim of this course is to study from scratch some basic and
explicit examples of representations of various quantum groups, and to
relate them to active and fast developing fiels of research. First,
we will focus on simple representations of quantum algebras of type
sl(2), and relate them to the colored Jones polynomials
of knots and the volume conjecture. Besides we will construct the
KirillovReshetikhin modules of sl(2) quantum affine
algebras, describe the Tsystem exact sequence explicitely and
relate it to fermionic formulas and the corresponding integrable
systems.
Wednesday, April 6th, 2005
h. 14:00  Room 1101
Jesus DE LOERA (University of California at Davis)
"On the computation of ClebschGordan coefficients and the dilation effect"
Monday, March 14th, 2005
h. 14:30  Room 1101
David HERNANDEZ (LIEGRITS, Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Quantum characters, fusion procedure and applications
to the representation theory of affinized quantum algebras"
Abstract:
The class of affinized quantum KacMoody algebras includes in
particular quantum affine algebras and quantum toroidal algebras. Their
representation theory is very rich and has been intensively studied by
various people in recent years. In this talk, we will present some recent
results for these representations, in particular by focussing on a fusion
procedure: in general these algebras have no Hopf algebra structure, however
we propose a construction of a fusion product on the Grothendieck group of
lhighest weight integrable representations. This new fusion procedure uses
a one parameter deformation of the "Drinfeld coproduct" and is closely
related to a generalization of FrenkelReshetikhin qcharacters.
Moreover in the case of quantum affine algebras it gives a new interpretation of the usual Grothendieck ring.
Monday, March 7th, 2005
h. 14:30  Room 1103
Rita FIORESI (Bologna)
"Commutation relations of quantum minors
in the quantum matrix bialgebra"
Abstract:
In the bialgebra of quantum matrices, one can define the notion
of quantum determinant of any minor. Given two such minors, we want to
write down the commutation rules among their determinants and, if possible,
to describe the ring generated by the determinants of a given subset of
minors. As an application of these computations, we show the description
of the quantum flag variety in terms of generators and relations and the
quantum invariant theory for quantum special linear group.
Monday, June 7th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Damiano TESTA (MIT Boston)
"Spaces of stable maps"
Abstract:
I shall talk of an extension of the paper "Enumeration of Rational Curves via Torus Action" by Kontsevich in "The Moduli Space of Curves, R. Dijkgraaf, C. Faber, and G. van der Geer (eds.). I shall start with the classical example of counting the number of lines on a smooth cubic surface in P^{3}. We shall see how it is possible to read such a number as the number of zeroes of a section on a natural fiber bundle on the Grassmannian of lines in the space P^{3}. Inspired by this example, we shall tackle the problem on quintic hypersurfaces in P^{5} in the same way. As a first step, we shall have to generalize the space which characterizes the lines in P^{3} to a space which parametrizes rational curves of degree d in P^{3}. Once this construction is established, we shall have natural candidates of a vector bundle on such a space and a section whose vanishing can be thought of as the presence of rational curve of degree d on the quintic hypersurface Q. At this stage the equality of the dimension of the space of rational curves and of the rank of the bundle will enable us to state that a generic section of this bundle will have finitely many zeroes, which we shall use as definition of "the number of rational curves of degree d on Q". In order to compute the number of zeroes of a generic section, we shall integrate the Euler class of the bundle over the space of stable maps. We shall exploit the natural action of the diagonal matrices on P^{4} to explicitly compute the integral: this action induces an action on the space of all rational curves of degree d, simply by composition. This will enable us to compute the integral as an equivariant cohomology, and we shall be able to use Bott localization formula to reduce the integral over the whole space to an integral only over the subvariety of fixed points of this action. These fixed points have a combinatorial description in terms of marked graphs, and the last step consists in a computation on the tangent spaces which make it possible to compute the characters of the action of the torus on the normal bundle of fixed points. Gathering together all these information we shall get the result.
Monday, May 10th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Emanuela PETRACCI (Geneve)
"Classical dynamical YangBaxter equation:
a special solution"
Abstract:
Given a Lie algebra and a Lie subalgebra of it, we have a classical dynamical YangBaxter equation. Alekseev and Meinrenken provided a particular solution of it, which is valid for quadratic Lie algebras. This occurs both in the framework of Lie theory and in mathematical physics. We shall give an introduction to the solution and we shall explain how it extends to quadratic Lie superalgebras.
Thursday, April 29th, 2004
h. 16:00  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Paolo LORENZONI (Milano "Bicocca")
"Deformations of bihamiltonian structures of hydrodynamic type"
Abstract:
We discuss a perturbative approach to the classification problem
of a certain class of bihamiltonian hierachies of PDEs depending on a
small parameter and its applications to the theory of dispersive waves.
The r.h.s. of the equations of these hierarchies usually are formal series
in the dispersion parameter. Truncating these series one obtains an
"approximately integrable systems" since the vector fields of the
truncated hierarchy commute up to a certain order in the deformation
parameter. This fact suggest that these approximately integrable systems
could have, at least for small times, multisoliton solutions. The
numerical experiments we have performed confirm this hypothesis.
Thursday, April 29th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Gilles HALBOUT (Strasbourg)
"Tamarkin's formality and globalization"
Abstract:
I will give the general framework of D. Tamarkin's formality
theorem. To do so, I will recall the definition of G_\infty
structures, recall EtingofKazhdan's quantizationdequantization theorem
for Lie bialgebras (and introduce recent works of Enriquez and
EnriquezEtingof), and I will speak about globalization procedure.
I will end with a few questions, recent works and works in progress
related to that topic:
 globalization of Tamarkin's (and TamarkinTsygan's) formality
theorem,
 comparison of the construction of M. Kontsevich and
D. Tamarkin,
 application to the problem of starrepresentations on
coisotropic submanifolds,
 quantization of quasiPoisson manifolds.
Thursday, April 29th, 2004
h. 11:00  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Alessandro D'ANDREA (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Conformal algebras and pseudoalgebras"
Abstract:
I will provide a wellmotivated introduction to the study of
conformal algebras and of pseudoalgebras. In particular, I will describe
their relationship with vertex algebras, linearly compact Lie algebras,
representation theory, Poisson algebras of hydrodynamical type.
Thursday, April 29th, 2004
h. 9:00  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Alberto S. CATTANEO (Universitat Zurich)
"Deformation quantization of coisotropic submanifolds (2)"
Abstract:
Coisotropic submanifolds play a fundamental role in symplectic and
Poisson geometry as they describe systems with symmetries ("firstclass
constraints") and provide a method to generate new symplectic or Poisson
spaces ("symplectic or Poisson reduction"). Though often singular, these
reduced spaces possess anyway a Poisson algebra of functions that is
defined as a quotient from the Poisson algebra of the original Poisson
manifold. Then an interesting question is whether it is possible to
quantize these Poisson algebras (i.e., to deform the underlying
commutative algebras in the direction of the Poisson bracket) even
when the spaces are singular. In this second talk, I will first discuss
how coisotropic submanifolds are related to the possible boundary
conditions for the Poisson sigma model and how to use it to get a
generalization of Kontsevich's formula in the presence of coisotropic
submanifolds. Then I will present the relevant formality theorem and
from it I will derive the possible obstructions to the deformation
quantization of a reduced Poisson manifold. An interpretation in terms
of supermanifolds and the relation with the BatalinFradkin formalism may
also be given. Time permitting, I will discuss how to associate to two
intersecting coisotropic submanifolds a bimodule for the deformed algebras
of the two reduced spaces. This suggests that deformation quantization
should be regarded as a (partially defined?) functor.
Wednesday, April 28th, 2004
h. 16:30  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Andrea MAFFEI (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Modular representations of Lie algebras and geometry of Springer fibres"
Abstract:
The goal of this lecture is to provide an introduction to
the ideas in the paper by Bezrukavnikov, Mirkovic and Rumynin about
representations of Lie algebras of semisimple Lie groups in characteristic
p. Their methods work splits into two subsequent steps. The
first one is an analogue, in characteristic p, of the
theorem of Beilinson and Bernstein on the localization of
gmodules, and "reduces" the study
of the representation theory of Lie algebras (with HarishChandra
character 0 and Frobenius character X) to the study of
the Dmodules on the flag variety supported onto a formal
neighbourhood of the Springer fibre defined by X. The second
step instead reduces the study of Dmodules to that of coherent
sheaves on the Springer fibre. As an application of these methods one
proves Lusztig's conjecture on the number of irreducible representations
with fixed character, and one gives a new proof of KacWeisfeiler's
conjecture on the dimension of irreducible representations.
Wednesday, April 28th, 2004
h. 14:30  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Davide FATTORI (Padova)
"An introduction to conformal (super)algebras"
Abstract:
In this talk we will provide an overview based on examples of the
theory of finite Lie conformal (super)algebras. Formal distributions will
be introduced as a motivation. The notion of locality will then lead to
the notion of a formal distribution Lie (super)algebra. Next, we will
define Lie conformal (super)algebras and illustrate some of their features
on examples. Also, we will discuss central extensions, physical Virasoro
pairs and their connection to superconformal algebras.
Wednesday, April 28th, 2004
h. 11:30  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Alberto S. CATTANEO (Universitat Zurich)
"Deformation quantization of coisotropic submanifolds (1)"
Abstract:
Coisotropic submanifolds play a fundamental role in symplectic and
Poisson geometry as they describe systems with symmetries ("firstclass
constraints") and provide a method to generate new symplectic or Poisson
spaces ("symplectic or Poisson reduction"). Though often singular, these
reduced spaces possess anyway a Poisson algebra of functions that is
defined as a quotient from the Poisson algebra of the original Poisson
manifold. Then an interesting question is whether it is possible to
quantize these Poisson algebras (i.e., to deform the underlying commutative
algebras in the direction of the Poisson bracket) even when the spaces
are singular. In this first talk, I will review some basic concepts in
Poisson geometry, coisotropic submanifold, Poisson reduction, deformation
quantization and its relation with the Poisson sigma model (a topological
field theory).
Wednesday, April 28th, 2004
h. 9:30  Room 1101
Workshop "TV2004  The interplay of
representation theory, Poisson geometry and quantization"
Alessandro D'ANDREA (Roma "La Sapienza")
"An introduction to Lie algebra representations in characteristic p"
Abstract:
The aim of this talk is to provide an introduction to the
subsequent one by Andrea Maffei. I shall describe some introductory
results of the representation theory in characteristic p,
stressing the main differences with the case of characteristic 0.
Monday, April 19th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Fabrizio CASELLI (Lyon 1)
"(Co)Invarianti algebras and greater
indices for classical Weyl groups"
Abstract:
The study of suitable actions of the classical Weyl groups on the ring of polynomials, and of the Hilbert series and of the corresponding algebras of invariants, leads to a natural extension of the major index also for Weyl groups of type B and D, this also being equidistributed with the legth function. One introduces a monomial basis for the coinvariant algebra, indexed by the elements of the associated Weyl group, in which the degree of a an element of the basis is equal to the major index of the corresponding element. This basis leads in a natural way to the definition of a new family of descent representations, which decompose the homogeneous components of the coinvariant algebra itself. Moreover, the multiplicity of the irreducible characters within the characters of these representations can be described in terms of tableaux.
Monday, March 15th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Dmitrij KOZLOV (KTH Stokholm)
"Topological obstructions to graph colorings"
Abstract:
For any two graphs G and H, Lovasz has defined a cell complex Hom(G,H) having in mind the general program that the algebraic invariants of these complexes should provide obstructions to graph colorings. Here we announce the proof of a conjecture of Lovasz concerning these complexes with G a cycle of odd length. More specifically, we show that if Hom(C_{(2r+1)},G) is kconnected, then χ(G) >= k+4. Our actual statement is somewhat sharper, as we find obstructions already in the nonvanishing of powers of certain StiefelWhitney characteristic classes.
Monday, February 16th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Gabriele MONDELLO (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Towards a deformation theory of dgschemes"
Abstract:
The structure of differential graded Lie algebra (DGLA) naturally shows up in many deformation problems. It is the case, for instance, of Khaler varieties and of affine algebraic schemes over a zero characteristic field. The talk will consist in an introduction to the theory of deformations through DGLAs, and in a sketch of some of many open problems.
Monday, January 12th, 2004
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Alberto DE SOLE (Harvard)
"Finitely generated conformal vertex algebras"
Abstract:
Vertex algebras give a rigorous mathematical definition of the chiral part of a 2dimensional quantum field theory. It is an interesting problem, both from a mathematical and a physical point of view, to classify finitely generated vertex algebras which contain a Virasoro field. I will discuss a way to appoach this problem, based on the notion of "nonlinear" Lie conformal algebra.
Tuesday, December 9th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Enrico SBARRA (Trieste)
"Local cohomology and CastelnuovoMumford regularity"
Abstract:
The first part ot the talk is meant to be an introduction to the concept of CastelnuovoMumford regularity. We recall the definition and we discuss some of the methods used to study it, with a special concern about lexicographic and generic ideals, and Local Cohomology. The second part is a brief communication about a joint work with Giulio Caviglia of the University of Kansas: we discuss a newly proven characteristicfree bound for the CastelnuovoMumford regularity that generalizes a previous result of Bayer and Mumford.
Monday, November 24th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Simone BORGHESI (SNS Pisa)
"Homotopy theory and algebraic geometry"
Abstract:
In classical homotopy theory one studies good topological spaces and maps among them "up to homotopy". The outcome is that two topological s[aces are identified if they share the "same homotopy type". After V. Voevodsky's work (and partially also F. Morel's) the same can be done in algebraic geometry. Hence one obtains a category in which occur homotopy theory invariants, algebraic invariants and curious relations among them, whom  today  we probably see only the top of the iceberg of. In the talk we shall discuss such an example: how to produce cohomological theories (algebraic Morava Ktheories) defined, in particular, on varieties over a perfect field and obtained from iterated extensions (in the sense of triangulated categories) of higher Chow groups. Homotopy theory (and computations by Voevodsky) provides the tools to extend in a nontrivial way these cohomological theories. This nontriviality is at the basis of the proof of surprising formulas (the socalled degree formulas) which relate some characteristic numbers of two smooth and projective algebraic varieties  homotopic invariantis  and the degree of any map between them, whenever the target variety of the map satdisfy a suitable algebraic condition.
Thursday, June 19th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
Jovo JARIC (Belgrade)
"On the decomposition of symmetric tensors
into traceless symmetric tensors"
Abstract:
There are many problems concerning formulation constitutive
equations in continuum mechanics which can be reduced to the determination
of an irreducible integrity basis of invariants for given set of tensors
under a given group of transformations. The way in which such problems
arise is examined by Rivlin and Pipkin. However, Spencer was the first
to consider the important case of orthogonal tensors in which the
transformation group is the full or proper in the three dimensions.
The generation of these integrity bases is simplified if tensors are,
whenever possible, decomposed into simpler tensors with fewer independent
components. The purpose of this talk is to give the explicit method of
effecting decomposition of symmetric tensors into traceless symmetric
tensors of finite order in ndimensional Euclidean space. We
generalize the definition of traceless tensors in order to include into
traceless tensors tensors of zero and first order. Also, we intend to
give complete procedure instead of deriving formulae for tensors of
particular order. Final results are so general that they can be
presented by table. As a conclusion there are two things to be
emphasized. First, the procedure involves only elementary algebra
and makes no use of group theory. Second, the procedure presented
here is not unique.
Wednesday, June 18th, 2003
h. 16:00  Room 1103
Neda BOKAN (Belgrade)
"Grassmann manifolds and Grassmann structures"
Wednesday, June 18th, 2003
h. 15:00  Room 1103
Zoran RAKIC (Belgrade)
"Lagrangian aspects of quantum dynamics
on a noncommutative space"
Abstract:
In order to evaluate the Feynman path inegral in noncommutative
quantum mechanics, we consider properties of a Lagrangian related to
a quadratic Hamiltonian with noncommutative spatial coordinates.
A quantummechanical system with noncommutative coordinates is equivalent
to another one with commutative coordinates. We found a connection between
quadratic classical Lagrangians of these two systems. We also show that
there is a subclass of quadratic Lagrangians, which include harmonic
oscillator and particle in a costant field, whose connection between
ordinary and noncommutative regimes can be expressed as a linear change
of position in terms of a new position and velocity.
Monday, June 16th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Lorenzo CORNALBA (Amsterdam)
"Noncommutative Geometry in String Field Theory"
Abstract:
String theory, though being a consistent theory of gravity, is always described as a powerseries expansion around classical solutions of the equations of motion, called string backgrounds. It therefore lacks a "global" definition, based possibly on new geometrical principles and, surely, on principles of symmetry. One of the characteristics of string theory is that, contrary to a classical theory of fields, is not described by nonlinear local partial differential equations, but by nonlocal equations which involve derivatives of the fields to all orders. Therefore, a description based on classical manifolds, fields and their derivatives is at best an approximation to the correct structure of the theory, which is most certainly not based on classical geometry. Attempts to understand the structure of the full theory have been based in the past on resumming the perturbation series, using the independence from the background expansion point. Unfortunately, the complexity of the theory and of the formal proof of independence from the expansion point have always been an obstacle to a deeper understanding of the general structure which hopefully underlies string theory. In a quite different direction, recently, it has been shown that, in certain regimes, string theory can be described by field theories which live on noncommutative spaces, most notably spaces defined by algebras of functions on an underlying ordinary manifold, with multiplication law given by associative *products based, à la Kontsevitch, on Poisson structures on the manifold itself. These theories can be written as nonlocal field theories, are given as powerseries expansions around classical solutions, and have a property which is quite similar to the property of independence of the expansion from the classical chosen solution. They have therefore some of the complexity of the full theory. On the other hand they are simple enough to give hope that a complete resummation is possible.
In this talk I will describe this program in detail, both the results and the open questions. I will show that we can rewrite the theory quite algebraically as a theory written formally in terms of cyclic words built from (noncommuting) symbols X^{a} which represent the coordinates on the space. The correct theories then correspond to formal powerseries in the X^{a}, which must represent "constant functions on this noncommutative space", with additional properties describing the independence from the chosen background. In some cases the classification of these functions is possible, and I will describe these solutions in some detail; in the general case it is still an open question.
Monday, May 5th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Michele GRASSI (Pisa)
"Toric varieties and mirror symmetry"
Abstract:
In the seminar we describe (part of) the content of our paper "Mirror symmetry and selfdual manifolds", math.AG/0301014. The main result that we shall describe is a way to interpolate geometrically between the large Kahler structure limit point in the Kahler moduli space of the anticanonical divisor in projective space of dimension n and a large complex structure limit point in the complex structure moduli space of its mirror partner. The interpolation is achieved by constructing a two dimensional family of smooth manifolds of real dimension 3(n1)+2; for instance, for the quintic threefold we obtain a two dimensional family of 11 dimensional smooth manifolds. These manifolds are endowed with a structure, which we call a weakly selfdual structure (or WSD structure for brevity). The definition involves a Riemannian metric and three smooth 2forms. The manifolds depend on two parameters. Qualitatively, what happens is that fixing the second parameter determines the "shape" of the limiting manifold, while if we let the first one go to infinity we get the large Kahler structure limit, and if we let it go to zero we get the large complex structure limit. Moreover, as the second ("shape") parameter goes to infinity, the limiting manifolds approach in a normalized GromovHausdorff sense the anticanonical divisors of projective space of dimension n and their mirror duals.
The interpolating manifolds are constructed via a procedure which has a toric flavor to it, and starts from the reflexive polytope associated to projective space. The construction is completely explicit and in some sense "algebraic", although there is no clear algebraic analog to the notion of selfdual manifold (yet). The toric nature of the construction is reflected in the fact that the resulting manifolds have a free action by a real torus. Moreover, the limiting procedure involves a geometric deformation (reflected in a rescaling of the first parameter) which implies the rescaling of the metric on one of the two fibrations by a factor, and on the other fibration by the inverse of the same factor. As mentioned before, depending on the fact that we let the parameter go to zero or to infinity, we approach one or the other limit point of the deformation space. This description of mirror symmetry has some similarity with the conjectural description of the mirror involution contained in the paper "Mirror symmetry is Tduality" by Strominger, Yau and Zaslow, although in a (possibly) unexpected way. Indeed, we do not build special Lagrangian fibrations on the CalabiYau manifolds themselves near the limit points, as one would expect from that paper, but we end up with "special" tori fibrations on (higher dimensional) WSD manifolds, which approximate the CalabiYau ones only in GromovHausdorff sense. The idea that this could be a way to avoid the complications associated with building special Lagrangian fibrations in the geometric approach to mirror symmetry is what led us to the definition of selfdual manifolds in the first place. The picture of the deformation space for our selfdual manifolds has a striking similarity with the conjectural picture of the moduli space of superconformal field theories described by Kontsevich and Soibelman. This agreement is in accordance with a more general conjectural picture, in which (weakly) selfdual manifolds can be used to build superconformal field theories via a process similar to a sigmamodel construction. However, such a procedure has not yet been established in a mathematically rigorous way even for the more classical CalabiYau manifolds.
Monday, April 7th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Gilberto BINI (Amsterdam)
"Galois rings and application to code theory"
Abstract:
Errorcorrecting codes have always had a basic role in digital communication. Traditionally, their definition was based upon the algebra of finite fields; in the last years, howevere, the study of finite rings has shown several and, in some cases, unexpected applications to code theory. In this talk we shall talk of the properties of some finite rings, namely Galois rings. In particular, we shall discuss the possibility to construct new families of codes using techniques of algebraic geometry on these rings.
Monday, March 3rd, 2003
h. 14:30  Room 1101
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Roberto INCITTI (IHES Paris)
"Two examples of growth function"
Abstract:
We present two examples where the rate of growth of a formal
language L gives information on an algebraic object associated
to L. The first example is the growth of a finitely generated
group G. If E is a finite generating subset of
G, the length of an element g of G is the
minimum length of a representation of g as a product of generators and
f_{E}(n) as the function that gives the number of
elements of G with length is less or equal to n.
Gromov proved that if f_{E}(n) is bounded by a
polynomial, then the group is nilpotent by finite. We will present
this result and an outline of Gromov's proof, and an alternative (partial)
combinatorial proof too. In the second part we will talk about the growth
of the contextfree languages. If L is a formal language,
g_{L}(n) is the function that gives the number of
elements of L whose length is less of equal to n;
if L is contextfree, then the generating series
g_{L}(z) of the g_{L}(n)'s
is algebraic. Flajolet showed that if g_{L}(z)
is algebraic, then the growth function of L is either
polynomial or exponential, and raised the question as to whether
there exist contextfree languages of intermediate growth, that is,
greater than any polynomial function and smaller that any exponential
one. We gave a negative answer to the question of Flajolet. We will
make a survey on the problem and give an idea of the proof.
Monday, February 3rd, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Marina MONSURRÒ (EPF Lausanne)
"Adjoint groups and involution algebras"
Abstract:
The deep links between linear algebraic groups and simple central
algebras with involution date back  essentially  to two main trends.
In a basic article (1960), A. Weil proved that the connected component
in the automorphism group of an involution algebra can be identified,
up to some restrictions we shall see in detail, with a semisimple linear
algebraic group of adjoint type. Conversely, every semisimple linear
algebraic group of adjoint type (but the ecceptional groups and the
triality forms of D_{4}) can be obtained in this way.
On the other hand, studying the representations of a semisimple linear
algebraic group G, Tits (1966) obtained, by descent,
representations of G in the group GL(A) of the
invertible elements of a simple central algebra A, which is
uniquely determined and endowed with a canonical involution. During the
talk we shall see how this "correspondence" enables us to apply some recent
results about involution algebras to rationality problems over
adjoint groups.
Monday, January 13th, 2003
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Marco ZUNINO (Strasbourg)
"Turaev Gcategories and their
applications in topology and algebra"
Abstract:
Recently Turaev introduced some new homotopic invariants for
3dimensional manifolds. These invariants generalize the topological
ones introduced by Reshetikhin and Turaev, constructed using knot theory
and the theory of braided categories (usually categories of representations
of quasitriangular Hopf algebras). A key step of the new theory is the
notion of crossed Gcoalgebra (where G is a group).
This is a family of algebras {H_{g}}_{g in G}
endowed with sort of an overall comultiplication and of isomorpims among
members of the family indexed by elements which are conjugate within the
group (along with some consistency axioms). In this framework one can
generalize the notions of Rmatrix (quasitriangular
Gcoalgebra) and of ribbon. However, the category of
reresentation of a quasitriangular Gcoalgebra does not
have the structure of braided category, but satisfies instead the more
general axioms of a crossed Gcategory.
After a brief description of the topological invariants of Reshetikhin
and Turaev and of the techniques they use (Kirby moves, braided categories,
quantum groups, etc.), we shall shortly introduce the new homotopical
invariants, hence fe shall focus upon the corresponding algebraic and
categorial structures. The talk will finish with a brief description
of the results on the generalizzation of Drinfeld's double, and also
sketching some of the many problems which still stand open.



Monday, December 16th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Lorenzo TORTORA DE FALCO (Roma Tre)
"On the logic structure of computation"
Abstract:
Starting from the CurryHoward correspondence between proofs and
programs, we shall explain how logical proofs are a model of computation.
Then we shall define the linear logic (introduced by J.Y. Girard in 1987),
which provides a "logic" status to the structure rules (i.e. to the
operations of duplication and deletion). This change of viewpoint has
had surprising consequences: among these, one of the most important
is the introduction of proofnets, which provide a "geometrical"
representation of the computation. We shall introduce the proofnets,
and we shall present some contributions of linear logic to the (wide)
area of research which is called "Logic in Computer Science". In
particular, we shall explain how the proofnets enables to characterize
in a purely logical way the class of functions which are computable in
elementary time and the class of functions which are computable in
polynomial time (by a deterministic Turing machine).
Monday, November 25th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Clara FRANCHI (U. C. Brescia)
"Permutation groups of finite type"
Abstract:
Let G be a group of permutations on a (not necessarily a finite) set X. If every nontrivial element of G moves all points of X but for (at most) a finite number, then one says that G is a cofinitary group. The set K of the numbers of fixed points of the nontrivial elements of G is called "the type" of G. If K is a finte set, G is said to be finite. The main problem in the study of finite type permutation groups is to get information on the structure of the group out of knowing the type. For instance, it is known that if the type is the set {0}, then the group is regular.
After a review of the most interesting results obtained in the last years on this topic, we shall dwell more in detail upon the case when the type is given by only one element, that is to say all nontrivial elements have the same number of fixed numbers. For these groups, we shall state some structure theorems, both in the finite and infinite case. In particular we shall completely classify the finite permutation groups in which every nontrivial element has the same number of fixed points and the number of orbits is minimal.
Wednesday, June 19th, 2002
h. 15:00  Room 1201
Zoran RAKIC (Belgrade)
"Quantum dynamics on a noncommutative space
with quadratic Lagrangian"
Abstract:
We consider a quantum mechanical system on a noncommutative
3dimensional space, described by a full quadratic Lagrangian. We use
the Feynman's path integral method to find a connection between the
propagator of our noncommutative quantum mechanical system and the
propagator of the naturally associated quantum mechanical system on
the corresponding commutative space.
Monday, May 13th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Flavio D'ALESSANDRO (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Questions of algebraic combinatorics in finite type monoids"
Abstract:
In the theory of formal codes, some problems of optimality are strictly related to the following conjecture by Schutzenberger (from the late '50's): every formal code can be converted into a prefix code which bears the same cardinality, up to permuting the letters within the words of the code. The conjecture is true for some important families of codes, like that of very pure codes, but in general is false, as proved by P. Shor in 1984; nevertheless, it stands open for finite and maximal codes. One can then formulate the conjecture as follows:
Conjecture: Let X be a finite maximal code. Then there exists a prefix code X' which is commutatively equivalent to X.
In this talk we shall present some important results about Schutzenberger's conjecture, and the links of the latter with other open problems, like  for instance  that of decidibility of the completion of a finite code.
Monday, April 8th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Marina AVITABILE (L'Aquila)
"Thin graded Lie algebras and thin propgroups"
Abstract:
A graded Lie algebra L, whose ith homogeneous will be denoted by L_{i}, is said to be "thin" if L_{1}
has dimension two and the following covering property holds: for every positive integer i and every nonzero v in L_{i}, one has [v, L_{i}] = L_{i+1}.
Thin algebras have been initially introduced as algebras associated to thin propgroups, with respect to their lower central series. A propgroup is said to be "thin" if the quotient with respect to the Frattini subgroup has order p^{2}, and moreover every normal subgroup is contained between two suitable consecutive terms of the lower central series. An important examle of thin propgroup is the socalled Nottingham group.
The aim of this talk is to present the framework in which thin algebras and thin propgroups fit in. Moreover, I shall offer an overview of the main results obtained for thin algebras of infinite dimension over positive characteristic field.
Monday, March 11th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Giovanna CARNOVALE (Padova)
"Brauer groups of a Hopf algebra"
Abstract:
The definition of Brauer grup of a field has been generalized in several ways:
the Brauer group of a commutative ring, the Brauer group of a Zgraded ring or of a Z_{2}graded ring, or in general of a Ggraded ring, with G being a finite Abelian group. There exists a construction by F. Van Oystaeyen and Y. Zhang which embodies all the others, that is the Brauer group of a braided category. In particular, we shall present the case when the above categoy is a category of modules of a finitedimensional quasitriangular Hopf algebra. The functoriality of the construction guarantees that some equivalences between categories of Hopf algebra representations induce isomorphisms betweeen the corresponding Brauer groups. We shall show how this can be used in order to specifically computate the Brauer group of some Hopf algebras.
Monday, February 11th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Mario MARIETTI (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Polinomi di KazhdanLusztig per riflessioni
booleane in sistemi di Coxeter lineari"
Abstract:
In order to study certain representations of the Hecke algebra
associated to a Coxeter system (W,S), Kazhdan and Lusztig
introduced two families of polynomials indixed by pairs of elements in
W, the R and the P polynomials. The
former are important mainly because their knowledge yields information
about the latter, which are the very KazhdanLusztig polynomials and from
which one can construct some Wgraphs and hence the
KLrepresentations. However, the explicit computation of the polynomial
P_{u,v} is very difficult, and it makes use of a
recursive formula which depends on the whole interval [u,v]
as a poset with the Bruhat order, on the group algebra and on the
KazdhanLusztig polynomials indexed by pairs of elements in the interval.
After giving the definitions and the basic results of the theory, I shall
give a closed formula for R_{u,v} and one for
P_{u,v} when v is not greater than a
boolean reflection t. These two formulas respectively
generalize a conjecture by Brenti and one by Haiman; also, they enable
to prove, in the case of elements which are not greater than boolean
reflections, the combinatorial invariance conjectured by Dyer and
by Lusztig.
Monday, January 15th, 2002
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Francesco CHIERA (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Some aspects of the theory of theta series"
Abstract:
The aim of this talk is to elementary recall some aspects of
the theory of theta series. In particular, I shall point out the
relevance of theta series associated to positive definite quadratic
forms in the framework of the theory of (Siegel) modular forms.
More in detail, I shall discuss some questions connecteed to the
socalled "basis problem". The latter, which is undoubtedly one of
the basic problems of the theory, consists (in very rough terms) in
characterizing the modular forms which can be obtained as linear
combination of theta series. Finally, I shall present some of the
interesting relations which hold between the theory of theta series
and that of errorcorrecting codes.
Monday, December 10th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Domenico FIORENZA (Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Graphs, algebras and PDE's"
Abstract:
How many rational curves of degree d passe through
3 d  1 points of the projective plane?
The first cases are simple: only one straight line passes through 2
points, and only one conic through 5 points. But the case d = 3
already presents a much less trivial answer: trhough 8 points of the
plane there pass 12 rational cubics. In order to answer the question for
any degree d, we shall follow  try to follow  Kontsevich
and Manin in an area of mathematics where to a graph it corresponds a
differential equation, which in turns defines a field of algebras. The
talk will be completely elementary, and can be attended by any student
who had basic knowledge of homology and cohomology.
Wednesday, December 5th, 2001
h. 14:30  Room 1201
Aleksandar LIPKOVSKI (Belgrade)
"Newton polyhedra: history, combinatorics, applications"
Monday, November 26th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Robert AEHLE (Bern)
"Degenerations for selfinjective algebras"
Abstract:
Let A be a connected representation finite
selfinjective algebra. According to Zwara, some canonical partial
orders on the isomorphism classes of ddimensional
Amodules can only differ if the stable AuslanderReiten
quiver of A is of Dynkin type D_{3m}
for some m greater than 1.. We study the minimal
degenerations of M which are not given by extensions
in these exceptional cases.
Monday, June 25th, 2001
h. 14:30  Room 1201
Alessandra FRABETTI (Lausanne)
"Feynman diagrams, trees and series"
Abstract:
During the last fifty years, the perturbative quantum field theory
has been coping with the problem of renormalization of integrals associated
to Feynman diagrams, with analytical methods connected to the famous BPHZ
formula. Recently, Connes and Kreimer found an algebraic interpretation
in the case of scalar fields, in terms of commutative Hopf algebra
directly built upon Feynman diagrams. The dual group is strictly
related to that of formal series under composition. For scalar field
theories, the Hopf algebra can no longer be commutative, and the
renormalization is equivalent to an unexpected noncommutative version
of the algebra of polynomial functions on the group of formal series.
Moreover, in the case of quantum electrodynamics there exists another
perturbative method, based upon planar binary trees instead of Feynman
diagrams. The renormalization, in this case, yields a noncommutative
Hopf algebra over trees. What can be said then about series expanded
over trees? This talk will address, among others, this question.
Friday, June 22nd, 2001
h. 16:00  Room 1101
Jovo JARIC (Belgrade)
"Some recent advances in continuum mechanics"
Wednesday, June 6th, 2001
h. 16:00  Room 1101
Dragana TODORIC (Belgrade)
"On the KPRV determinants"
Abstract:
In 1961, Kostant proved freeness of universal enveloping algebra
over its centre. He also obtained certain multiplicity formula which led
Parthasarathy, Ranga Rao and Varadarajan (1967) to define and factorize
a family of determinants, which we call PRV determinants. Shortly
afterwards Kostant (1971) described certain analogues of PRV determinants,
which we call KPRV determinants, by replacing a Cartan subalgebra with a
Borel subalgebra. This had important applications to the question of the
irreducibility of principal series modules. The goal of the talk is to
present more recent approach to classical KPRV determinants and analogous
results related to quantized universal enveloping algebras. This research
is due to Joseph, Letzer and Todoric. Note that Gorelik and Lanzmann
completed similar research for reductive Lie superalgebras.
Wednesday, May 30th, 2001
h. 11:30  Room 1201
Neda BOKAN (Belgrade)
"Induced representations of some holonomy groups"
Abstract:
The holonomy group of a manifold M is a very powerful
tool for studying the curvature tensor, corresponding to either a
Riemannian metric g on M or a torsion free
connection D defined on M. Moreover, the
holonomy group carries a considerable amount of information about
the differential geometry and the topology of the manifold.
The main purpose of this lecture is to give an overview on the
previously mentioned facts. Especially, we pay attention to the
consequences of induced representations of holonomy groups into
vector space of the corresponding curvature tensors. We include
in this considerations holonomy groups of Riemannian metrics, as
well as of torsion free connections.
Monday, May 14th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Emanuela DE NEGRI (Genova)
"Groebner bases, Pfaffian ideals and Koszul algebras"
Abstract:
The theory of Groebner bases came out of computational exigences,
but in the last years it has found wider and wider applications to several
topics of Commutative Algebra. The aim of this talk is to give the basic
notions of this theory, and to show how it applies to the study of ideals
generated by Pfaffians, and more in general of the determinantal rings.
The latter have already been widely studied with other methods, but the
application of Groebner bases made it possible to obtain new results.
Koszul algebras have recently drawn the attention of well known
researchers for the relevant applications and relations they have
in Commutative Algebra, Computational Algebra, Algebraic Geometry
and in the theory of Quantum Groups. The use of Groebner bases
permits to find wide classes of Koszul algebras.
Saturday, May 5th, 2001
h. 9:30  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Domenico FIORENZA (Pisa)
"Feynman diagrams"
Friday, May 4th, 2001
h. 15:00  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Nicola CICCOLI (Perugia)
"Lie algebroids"
Friday, May 4th, 2001
h. 11:30  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Concettina GALATI (Roma "Tor Vergata")
"Quantum groups and link invariants"
Abstract:
We shall give a brief account of Turaev's method (1988) to generate
knot and link invariants starting from solutions of YangBaxter equations.
Friday, May 4th, 2001
h. 9:30  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Giovanna CARNOVALE (Padova)
"Classification of triangular Hopf algebras"
Thursday, May 3rd, 2001
h. 15:00  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Rita FIORESI (Bologna)
"Quantum groups and deformationquantization"
Thursday, May 3rd, 2001
h. 11:30  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Federico DE VITA (Firenze)
"Deformation quantization following Kontsevich"
Abstract:
We shall give a brief overview of Kontsevitch's first paper (1997)
on deformation quantization.
Thursday, May 3rd, 2001
h. 9:30  Room 1201
Workshop "TV2001  Quantum Groups and their neighborhoods"
Paolo CARESSA (Firenze):
"Poisson, Hochschild (and cyclic?) homology"
Monday, April 23rd, 2001
h. 15:45  Room 1201
Tzachi BENITZHAK (BarIlan)
"Introduction to braid groups and their applications"
Abstract:
Braid groups, the subject of this talk, are a natural
generalization of Coxeter groups: their importance is increased
by the fact that in last years they proved very interesting for
applications in different areas of mathematics. The talk will
be essentially an introductory one.
Monday, April 9th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Riccardo MURRI (SNS Pisa)
"Kontsevich model for 2D gravity"
Abstract:
Witten conjectured that the generating series of the intersection
numbers of the moduli space of stable curves satisfies a suitable
hierarchy of differential equations. Kontsevich has related this
generating series with the asymptotic expansion of a matrix integral.
The proof of this fact mainly involves the asymptotic expansion of
matrix integrals by means of Feynman diagrams and a particular
triangulation of the moduli space of smooth npointed
curves obtained by exploiting the properties of quadratic
differentials of Riemann surfaces.
Monday, March 12th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Fabio STUMBO (Ferrara)
"Cohomology of Artin groups"
Abstract:
Artin group generalize the classical braid group: thus they form
a widely studied category of groups in the mathematical literature.
Among their properties under exam, there is of course their cohomology.
In this talk we shall cope with this topic.
In particular, let us consider the ring R of rational
Laurent polynomials in one indeterminate q, and the Artin
group G_{W} associated to an irreducible Coxeter
group W. We shall show what is the cohomology of
G_{W} with coefficients in R_{q},
where R_{q} is the G_{W}module
given by the action on R defined by applying every standard
generator of G_{W} in the multiplication by
q.
Monday, February 12th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Nicoletta CANTARINI (Padova)
"Zgraded Lie superalgebras of
finite growth and infinite depth"
Abstract:
The theory of Lie superalgebras is essentially due to Victor Kac,
who in 1977 classified the simple Lie superalgebras of finte dimension
over an algebraically closed field of zero characteristic, and in 1998
classified the Zgraded Lie superalgebras of infinite
dimension and finite depth. The goal of this talk is to introduce the
construction of Zgraded Lie superalgebras of finite
growth and infinite depth, to present two classes of examples, and to
describe the problem of classification of these superalgebras in relation
with the already known case of the contragradient superalgebras.
Monday, January 15th, 2001
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Marco D'ANNA (Catania)
"Analitically unramified onedimensional rings"
Abstract:
Let R be a onedimensional, reduced, semilocal
Noetherian ring; let R' be the integral closure of
R in its total fraction ring, and let R" be
its completion for the topology induced by the Jacobson radical.
The ring R is called analitically unramified if
R" or, equivalently, if R' is a finite
type Rmodule. Under these assumptions, one can
associate to R a semigroup (contained in
N^{d}, where d
is the number of minimal primes of R"): from the
study of this semigroup one can get many information about the
initial ring (if in addition R is residually
rational).
An example of the usefulness of these techniques is given by the
study of multiplicity sequences of R (via the  more
subtle  notion of multiplicity forest), obtained from subsequent
blowups of the Jacobson radical of R and of the extension
rings thus obtained. This study is motivated by the fact that the
multiplicity sequences provide an important system of invariants in
the study of singularities of algebraic curves. In particular, it is
possible to give a numerical characterization of the forests of vectors
in N^{d} which are multiplicity
forests associated to a ring. All these results come from a joint
work with V. Barucci and R. Froeberg.



Monday, December 4th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Alessandro D'ANDREA (Roma "La Sapienza")
"An introduction to pseudoalgebras"
Abstract:
The structure of (Lie) pseudoalgebra is an axiomatization of the singular part of the OPE (=operator product expansion) of chiral fields in a field theory. The language of pseudoalgebras enables also to describe in a compact manner the
structure of a special class of infinitedimensional Lie algebras.
We shall give an introduction to the theory of pseudoalgebras, explaining their origin and what are the basic tools and results in the study of their structure.
Monday, November 13th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Daniele GEWURZ (Padova)
"Parker vectors of permutation groups"
Abstract:
We shall discuss some methods to study a permutation group (thought of a a subgroup of a symmetric group) starting from the cyclic structures of its elements.
Inspired by questions of computational Galois theory, people realized that it is interesting to consider the action of a finite permutation group over the set of the cycles which occur in the decomposition of its elements into disjoint cycles. The numbers of orbits on the set of 1cycles, of 2cycles etc. form the "Parker vector" of the group. We shall show some properties of Parker vectors, examples of the computation of these vectors for some groups or classes of groups, and what one can recover about the group from the sole knowledge of the vector (for instance, the Prker vector characterizes the symmetric and the alternating groups). We shall also present some tentative generalizations, regarding the definition of the vector or the extension of this concept to infinite groups.
Monday, May 8th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Francesca TARTARONE (BNL Multiservizi S.p.A.)
"Proprietà moltiplicative di alcuni anelli di polinomi"
Abstract:
Let D be a domain with quotients field K. one calls "ring of integervalued polynomials over D" the set of all polynomials (in one indeterminate) with coefficients in K which take values in D when evaluated on D itself. Very simple examples of these polynomials are Newton binomials. I shall give an overview on the hystory of these polynomials, and on how their study have followed several different directions in the last years, talking more precisely about the problems concerning commutative algebra.
Monday, April 10th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Rocco CHIRIVÌ (SNS Pisa)
"LS algebras and Schubert varieties"
Abstract:
LS algebras are a generalization of doset algebras and
Hodge algebras. The idea of a basis of monomials and "straightening
relations" dates back to Hodge's study of Grassmann variety and Schubert
cycles. From the use of these straightening relations applied to Schubert
cycles and determinantal varieties De Concini, Einsenbud and Procesi
isolated the axioms for a Hodge algebra. Next comes the definition of
doset algebras introduced to prove CohenMacaulayness and normality for
Schubert varieties of a semisimple, simply connected Chevalley group and a
maximal parabolic subgroup of classic type. The restriction of classical
type limits the bonds, some sort of ``multiplicity'', to 2 whereas Hodge
algebras have all such multiplicities equal to 1.
Being able to handle arbitrary multiplicities has taken almost twenty
years and the starting point for this development was the introduction
by Littelmann of LakshmibaiSeshadri paths basis for representations of
KacMoody algebras. Then Littelmann, Lakshmibai and Magyar have found some
relations for LS paths monomials in the coordinate ring of (the cone over)
a Schubert variety. These relations have proved compliant with our
straightening relations for LS algebras and have enabled the application
to Schubert varieties. Our main result is that any Schubert variety (for
any parabolic subgroup) admits a flat deformation to a union of normal
toric varieties. We give a new proof of CohenMacaulayness and normality
in the spirit of the standard monomial theory. Finally we compute the
degree of the embedding of the Schubert varieties with a formula
generalizing a classical Seshadri result.
Monday, March 13th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Elena SOVERCHIA (SNS Pisa)
"Relative structure of the rings of integers"
Abstract:
Let N be a finite extension of an algebraic number field k, and let O_{N} andO_{k} respectively be the rings of integers of N and of k. The ring O_{N} is a torsionfree O_{k}module of rank [N:k], hence there exists a fractional ideal I_{N} in k such that O_{N} is isomorphic to the direct sum of O_{k}^{[N:k]1} and I_{N}.
The class [I_{N}] in the class group Cl(O)_{k} is called the Steinitz class of O_{N}. The ring O_{N} is a free O_{k}module if and only if the ideal I_{N} is principal.
In this case we say that the ring O_{N} has a relative integral basis (RIB) over O_{k}.
In the first part of the talk we give sufficient and/or necessary conditions so that an extension N/k has a RIB. We also expose the principal results obtained for extensions of small degree.
In the second part, we fix a number field k and a finite group G. A classical problem consists in characterizing the set of those classes in Cl(O)_{k} which are Steinitz classes of Galois extensions N/k whose Galois groups are isomorphic to G. In particular one is interested in studying if this set is a group. We
expose the principal results obtained for the abelian extensions and we
describe the few known results for the non abelian ones.
Monday, February 14th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Federico DE VITA (Firenze)
"Deformation theory and frobenius manifolds"
Abstract:
We recall the basic concepts of deformation theory in the terms in which it has been recently studied (we refer to works of M. Kontsevich and M. Manetti), i.e. using differential graded Lie algebras. We then introduce the concept of a Frobenius supermanifold both in the geometric and in the formal case, and show how such a manifold is a deformation of an algebra structure that preserves a given metric. We find the DGLA governing these deformations. In this context the problem of semisimplicity arises, in connection with the Virasoro conjecture. We therefore study how semisimple superalgebras behave and deduce some implications for semisimple Frobenius supermanifolds.
Monday, January 17th, 2000
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Paolo CARESSA (Firenze)
"The algebra of Poisson brackets"
Abstract:
We shall discuss the Hamiltonian formalism from the algebraic point of view, defining Poisson brackets and Hamiltonian fields on associative algebras. The examples will abstract ones, yet looking at Geometry. We shall also introduce the bases of differential calculus on Poisson algebras and the corresponding invariants, which besides of their geometrical applications are also interesting in themselves (like Poisson cohomology).
Monday, December 13th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Andrea MAFFEI (Roma "La Sapienza")
"Quiver varieties"
Abstract:
Quiver varieties have been introduced and used by H. Nakajima to give a geometric construction of the integrable representations of KacMoody algebra with symmetric Cartan matrix. Descriptions of this kind have proved very useful in other cases to understand some problems in pure representationtheoretic terms. In this case, for instance, the construction of Nakajima provides a distinguished, canonical basis of the representations. But the geometry of these varieties so far has been only partially understood. In this talk I shall give an overview of the main results.
Thursday, June 14th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Gilles HALBOUT (Strasbourg)
"Formality conjectures and deformation"
Abstract:
Let M be a symplectic manifold.
Connes, Flato and Sternheimer constructed an invariant \phi
in the cyclic cohomology of M for any closed starproduct.
They compute this invariant in the de Rham complex of M when
M=T*V. We complete this result by computing the
image of \phi in the de Rham complex for any symplectic manifold and
any starproduct and we show:
1) that this invariant is a complete
invariant of starproducts;
2) how this invariant is related to the general
classification of Kontsevich.
The proof uses the RiemannRoch theorem for periodic
cyclic chains of NestTsygan.
Finally, we show that generalisation of this invariant to any
starproduct over a Poisson manifold can be made by generalizing
Kontsevitch formality conjectures.
Friday, May 14th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Georges PAPADOPOULO (Basel)
"Combinatorics associated to modular representations"
Abstract:
The study of finite dimensional GL_{n}(k)modules is still a very open problem, when the characteristic of k is positive. There is a conjectural formula due to Lusztig when n is not less than p, which is proved by AndersenJantzenSoergel for p much greater that n, and which is valid for all the finite dimensional modules.
In this talk, I shall give a character formula (joint work with O. Mathieu) for some finite dimensional simple GL_{n}(k)modules. Contrary to the case of Lusztig's formula, this one is a combinatorial in nature (that is, the weight spaces are given as a sum of positive numbers): in fact, the combinatorics is described in terms of semistandard Young tableaux. Moreover, this formula is stable, that is, it gives results even when n tends to infinity, but only for a family of finite dimensional simple modules.
After having presented the formula, we will define the category of tilting modules (in the wider context of quantum groups) and give its main properties. The proof of the formula is based on a tensor product formula (Verlinde formula) for tilting modules due to GeorgievMathieu in the algebraic context. We will shortly describe the proof of the formula and give some knew reformulation of related known conjectures on tilting modules (joint work with H.H. Andersen). We will eventually present some applications to the character of infinite gl_{n}(C)simple modules or discuss about some related problems in representation theory.
Monday, April 12th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Aldo CONCA (Genova)
"Koszul algebras"
Abstract: Let K be a field, and let R = K[x_{1},\dots,x_{n}]/I be a standard Kalgebra, with I homogeneous for the grading such that the x_{i}'s have degree 1. When studying Rfree resolutions of graded Rmodules, the resolution of K as an Rmodule plays a central role. For instance, every (graded, fintely generated) Rmodule has a finte resolution over R if and only if Kanto has a finite resolution over R, and this occurs if and only if R is regular (which in the present case means that R is a ring of polynomials). When R is not regular, one can consider some numerical invariants, related to the resolution of K as an Rmodule, which in some sense describe the complexity degree of the resolution, hence giving an estimate of how far they are from the regular case.
One of these invariants is the Poincaré series of R. In the '60's J. P. Serre conjectured that this series be always rational. In the early '80's D. Anik proved that the conjecture is false, and recently J. E. Roos and B. Sturmfels have proved that the nonrationality of the Poincaré series can show up even in relatively "simple" rings such as the coordinate rings of monomial curves.
Another measure of the complexity of the resolution of K is given by the degree of the syzygies. The algebra R is called Koszul if all its syzygies are linear, or  more precisely  generated by degree one elements. Koszul algebras have been introduce in the early '70's by S. Priddy, and have been intensively studied since then. One of their more important properties is to have a rational Poincaré series. In general, the problem of determining whether an algebra is Koszul or not is very hard, and it cannot be solved via symbolic computation.
In this talk I shall present a new approach to the study of Koszul algebras, as a result of joint work with De Negri, Rossi, Trung and Valla. I shall introduce the concept of Koszul filtration, and I shall explain how this enables to prove that some classes of algebras are Koszul. I shall talk about relations among some special filtrations  the socalled "Koszul flags"  and Groebner bases, and of the problem of classification the universally Koszul algebras. Moreover, I shall present the problem of dettermining whether the ring defined by the apolar forms to a cubic be Koszul (or not).
Monday, March 8th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Giovanni GAIFFI (SNS Pisa)
"De ConciniProcesi models of arrangements
and symmetric group actions"
Abstract:
Recently, De Concini and Procesi described a method to construct
model of a subspace arrangement in C^{n}. This construction is carried on through a series of blowups of varieties which also are models of arrangements. This allows to compute in a recursive way the cohomology ring of the model  which is free Zmodule  and to construct a Zbasis, which can be described in purely combinatorial terms introducing a family of oriented graphs.
In this talk we shall consider in particular the arrangement of braids,
that is the arrangeament in C^{n} given by the coordinate hyperplanes {x_{i}  x_{j} = 0}. The geometrical importance of it comes from the fact that one possible projectivization of it is isomorphic to the moduli space M_{0,n+1} of (n+1)pointed curves of genus 0.
Moreover, one of the projective models of De ConciniProcesi associated to the braid arrangement is isomorphic to the MumfordDeligne compactification of M_{0,n+1}, i.e. to the moduli space M_{0,n+1} of stable, (n+1)pointed curves of genus 0.
Thus we have two geometrical interpretations of the space M_{0,n+1}; this enables us to study the cohomology rings
H^{*}(M_{0,n+1}, Z) and H^{*}(M_{0,n+1}, Z) from two different viewpoints: the point of view of model theory points out an action of the symmetric group S_{n} which permutes the elements of the Zbasis; the modular interpretation reveals an extended action of the symmetric group S_{n+1}.
Using together these two actions, one can describe H^{*}(M_{0,n+1}, Z) and H^{*}(M_{0,n+1}, Z) as S_{n}modules and as S_{n+1}modules, translating the geometrical properties in combinatorial terms and studying particular functions defined over graphs.
Monday, February 8th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Anna GUERRIERI (L'Aquila)
"Multilinear forms, Jacobian ideals
and primary decompositions"
Abstract:
Since the classical work of Emmy Noether, one of the basic
problems in Commutative Algebra has been to find the primary decomposition of ideals in a Noetherian ring R. Indeed, finding primary decompositions is a step towards identifying zero divisors, ideal containment, projective dimension and Rees valuations; it is also a step towards building regular sequences, determining CohenMacaulayness, and understanding the homological properties of modules and ideals.
We study the primary composition of the Jacobian ideals of generic trilinear forms.
For threedimensional arrays, this amounts to studying the Jacobian ideal of a form in three sets of variables which is of degree one in each set. Recall that a Jacobian ideal is the ideal generated by all the partial derivatives with respect to each of the variables.
This type of analysis bridges to the theory of hyperdeterminants. In fact, it is wellknown that the primary decomposition of a Jacobian ideal determines whether the hyperdeterminant of the corresponding tensor given by the coefficients of the form is nonzero.
The first study in this direction was done by Boffi, Bruns and Guerrieri, who obtained the minimal associated primes of the Jacobian ideals of a large class of trilinear forms satisfying some combinatorial relations.
In this talk we shall show that we can relax the combinatorial restrictions, and yet we still obtain the minimal primes of the Jacobian ideals of the corresponding trilinear form. Furthermore, we obtain the minimal components and the radical of the Jacobian ideal. In some cases we find the complete primary decomposition (some suggestive calculations are emerging also by using the symbolic computer algebra package Singular).
Our methods do not use any combinatorics. Instead, our main tool is given by the concept of 1generic matrices, a generalization of Eisenbud's 1generic matrices. We develop a basic theory of 1generic matrices in this
more generalized sense.
The structure of the Jacobian ideal under observation actually depends upon the properties of the three matrices of linear forms obtained by taking the mixed second derivatives of the trilinear form. When the underlying field is algebraically closed the 1genericity of either one of these matrices allows us to deduce information on the associated primes of the Jacobian ideal. The 1genericity itself can be detected by computing the height of the maximal minors of some of these matrices.
Further it can be observed that the hyperdeterminant of a threedimensional tensor of boundary format is nonzero if and only if the corresponding trilinear form satisfies the 1generic conditions mentioned above.
The family of trilinear forms described by Boffi, Bruns and Guerrieri is just one example of this new environment. In fact, when the underlying field is algebraically closed, there exists a nonempty Zariskiopen set where the coefficients of the trilinear form can vary while the form keeps satysfying the 1genericity conditions.
It seems natural to try to expand these lines of research towards the multilinear case, involving techniques proper of the theory of quivers.
Monday, January 11th, 1999
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Alessandra FRABETTI (Strasbourg)
"Leibniz Algebras and Dialgebras"
Abstract:
The ChevalleyEilenberg boundary operator on the exterior
powers of a Lie algebra g can be lifted to the tensor powers, yielding a new
chain complex. The homology of this new complex, called LEIBNIZ HOMOLOGY,
produces new invariants for Lie algebras and, more generally, it makes sense
on a `nonantisymmetric' version of Lie algebras, called LEIBNIZ ALGEBRAS.
A powerful tool to investigate the Lie homology of a Lie algebra g is to
reduce it to the homology of associative algebras, using the functor
Lie > Alg, which maps g to its universal enveloping algebra U(g), and its
adjoint functor Alg > Lie which defines a Lie bracket [a,b] = a b  b a
from an associative product. For Leibniz algebras there exists as well
an "associative" version, called DIALGEBRAS, and results similar to the
classical ones are obtained to relate Leibniz and dialgebra homology
theories. We shall present some examples of Leibniz algebras and dialgebras, and a summary of the main results on Leibniz and dialgebra homology theories.



Monday, December 14th, 1998
h. 14:00  Room 1201
YOUNG ALGEBRA SEMINAR
Giuseppe JURMAN (Trento)
"Graded modular Lie algebras of maximal class"
Abstract:
Lie methods play an essential role to develop classification
results in the study of pgroups of bounded coclass (and , in particular,
of maximal class), hence it makes sense to consider analogous problems for
Lie algebras. Several years ago, it has been proved that there are many
Lie algebras of maximal class in zero characteristic, while of one moves
to graded algebras there exists, in practice, only one. In the modular
case, for every prime p there exist noncountably infinitely many graded
algebras of maximal class. Nevertheless, for these algebras one can
obtain a classification, which turns to be different according to whether
the characteristic of the ground field is odd or not.