11/01/24  Seminario  14:00  15:00  1200 Biblioteca Storica  Ludovico Bruni Bruno  Università di Padova  Interpolation by weights: insights and challenges
Interpolation of differential forms is a challenging aspect of modern approximation theory. Not only does it shed new light on some classical concepts of interpolation theory, such as the Lagrange interpolation and the Lebesgue constant, but it also suggests that they can be extended to a very general framework. As an extent of that, it is worth pointing out that the majority of classical shape functions commonly used in finite element methods, such as those involved in Nedelec or RaviartThomas elements, can be seen as a specialisation of this theory. Of course, this generality brings along the evident downside of an unfriendly level of abstraction. The scope of this series of two seminars is thus twofold: presenting the main challenges of this branch of approximation theory but in a concrete manner. The first seminar will hinge on a development of a convenient one dimensional toy model that enlightens parallelisms and differences with usual nodal interpolation. In the second seminar will extend these techniques to the multidimensional framework, motivating our choices by a geometrical flavour.
This talk is part of the activity of the MUR Excellence Department Project MatMod@TOV (CUP E83C23000330006). 
09/01/24  Seminario  14:30  16:01  1101 D'Antoni  Antonio Trusiani  Chalmers University of Technology  Singular cscK metrics on smoothable varieties
The study of constant scalar curvature Kähler (cscK) metrics on compact complex manifolds is a classical topic that has attracted enormous interest since the 1950s. However, detecting the existence of cscK metrics is a difficult task, which in the projective integral case conjecturally amounts to proving an important algebrogeometric stability notion (Kstability). Recent significant advancements have established that the existence of unique cscK metric in a Kähler class is equivalent to the coercivity of the socalled Mabuchi functional. I will extend the notion of cscK metrics to singular varieties, and I will show the existence of these special metrics on QGorenstein smoothable klt varieties when the Mabuchi functional is coercive. A key point in this variational approach is the lower semicontinuity of the coercivity threshold of Mabuchi functional along a degenerate family of normal compact Kähler varieties with klt singularities. The latter strengthens evidence supporting the openness of (uniform) Kstability for general families of normal compact Kähler varieties with klt singularities. This is a joint work with ChungMing Pan and Tat Dat Tô. 
09/01/24  Seminario  14:00  15:00  1201 Dal Passo  Ludovico Bruni Bruno  Università di Padova  Interpolation by weights: insights and challenges
Interpolation of differential forms is a challenging aspect of modern approximation theory. Not only does it shed new light on some classical concepts of interpolation theory, such as the Lagrange interpolation and the Lebesgue constant, but it also suggests that they can be extended to a very general framework. As an extent of that, it is worth pointing out that the majority of classical shape functions commonly used in finite element methods, such as those involved in Nedelec or RaviartThomas elements, can be seen as a specialisation of this theory. Of course, this generality brings along the evident downside of an unfriendly level of abstraction. The scope of this series of two seminars is thus twofold: presenting the main challenges of this branch of approximation theory but in a concrete manner. The first seminar will hinge on a development of a convenient one dimensional toy model that enlightens parallelisms and differences with usual nodal interpolation. In the second seminar will extend these techniques to the multidimensional framework, motivating our choices by a geometrical flavour.
This talk is part of the activity of the MUR Excellence Department Project MatMod@TOV (CUP E83C23000330006).

20/12/23  Seminario  16:00  17:00  1201 Dal Passo  Pierre Bieliavsky  UCLovain 
Operator Algebras Seminar
Geometric methods for locally compact quantum groups
A result due to De Commer implies that an important source of
locally compact quantum groups (I will explain this notion) is constituted by
the unitary dual 2cocycles on (classical) locally compact groups.
I will present geometric methods to explicitly construct such 2cocycles for
(classical) Lie groups of Frobenius type i.e. Lie groups that admit
open coadjoint orbits.
Note: This talk is part of the activity of the MUR Excellence Department Project MatMod@TOV (CUP E83C23000330006)

15/12/23  Seminario  16:00  17:00  1201 Dal Passo  Tiziano GAIBISSO  Imperial College, London 
Algebra & Representation Theory Seminar (ARTS)
"Nakajima quiver varieties"
Nakajima quiver varieties, originally defined in '94 by H. Nakajima, form an interesting class of algebraic varieties with many applications in algebraic geometry (e.g. resolution of singularities), representation theory (e.g. KacMoody algebras), and string theory (e.g. Coulomb and Higgs branches). In this talk, we will begin introducing the general setting of Hamiltonian reductions via GIT, highlighting how this technique produces Poisson quasiprojective varieties in a canonical way, and, in some cases, resolutions of symplectic singularities. We will then apply this theory to quiver representations, defining Nakajima quiver varieties and illustrating how the combinatorial nature of quivers is reflected in the geometry of these varieties. 
15/12/23  Seminario  14:30  15:30  1201 Dal Passo  Chetan VUPPULURY  "Sapienza" Università di Roma 
Algebra & Representation Theory Seminar (ARTS)
"Higher projective representations and higher central extensions"
Projective representations of a group G with assigned 2cocycle α are equivalent to (certain) representations of the central extension of G associated with α. This classical result can be seen as a piece of 2category theory fallen into the realm of 1categories, and in this perspective it admits natural generalizations relevant to the context of anomalous topological or Euclidean QFTs. In particular, StolzTeichner's Clifford field theories naturally emerge as a particular example of this construction. 
13/12/23  Seminario  17:00  18:00  2001  Efthymios Sofos  University of Glasgow  Averages of multiplicative functions over integer sequences
In joint work with Chan, Koymans and Pagano we prove matching upper and lower bounds for multiplicative functions when averaged over general integer sequences. We give applications to Cohen—Lenstra conjecture and Manin’s conjecture for counting solutions of Diophantine equations in a small number of variables. 
13/12/23  Seminario  16:00  17:00  2001  Carlo Pagano  Concordia University, Montreal  On Chowla's non vanishing conjecture
I will describe ongoing work with Peter Koymans and Mark Shusterman, showing that for fixed q congruent to 3 modulo 4, one has nonvanishing of L(1/2,chi) for 100% of imaginary quadratic characters chi of Fq(T) (ordered by discriminant). This result, predicted by the KatzSarnak heuristics, is the probabilistic version of Chowla's non vanishing conjecture: it is known that over function fields one cannot hope for a deterministic statement, as shown in a fairly robust way by Wanlin Li in 2018. I will explain how this result sits into a web of methods aimed at controlling the distribution of 2^{infty}Selmer groups in quadratic twists families. 
12/12/23  Seminario  16:00  17:00  1201 Dal Passo  Tien Khai Nguyen  North Carolina State University  Seminario di Equazioni Differenziali
Scalar balance laws with nonlocal singular sources
The speaker will be connected remotely
In this presentation, I will establish the global existence of entropy weak solutions for scalar balance laws with nonlocal singular sources, along with a partial uniqueness result. A detailed description of the solution is provided for a general class of initial data in a neighborhood where two shocks interact. Additionally, some open questions will be discussed.
NB:This talk is part of the activity of the MIUR Excellence Department Project MATH@TOV CUP E83C23000330006

06/12/23  Seminario  16:00  17:00  1201 Dal Passo  C.J. Fewster  University of York 
Operator Algebras Seminar
Exact measurement schemes for local observables and the preparation of physical local product states
For a long time, quantum field theory (QFT) lacked a clear and consistent measurement framework, a gap that was described as "a major scandal in the foundations of quantum physics" [1]. I will review the recent framework put forward by Verch and myself [2], which is consistent with relativity in flat and curved spacetimes and has resolved the longstanding problem of "impossible measurements" put forward by Sorkin [3]. The central idea in this framework is that the "system" QFT of interest is measured by coupling it to a "probe" QFT, in which the system, probe, and their coupled variant, all obey axioms of AQFT in curved spacetime. It has been shown that every local observable of the free scalar field has an asymptotic measurement scheme, i.e., can be measured to arbitrary accuracy by a sequence of probes and couplings [4]. I will describe new results that (a) show that there are exact measurement schemes for all local observables in a class of free theories, (b) provide a protocol for the construction of Hadamard local product states in curved spacetime. The latter is complementary to a recent existence result of Sanders [5].
[1] Earman, J., and Valente, G. Relativistic Causality in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 28:1, 148, (2014)
[2] Fewster, C.J., Verch, R. Quantum Fields and Local Measurements. Commun. Math. Phys. 378, 851–889 (2020).
[3] Bostelmann, H., Fewster, C.J., and Ruep, M.H. Impossible measurements require impossible apparatus Phys. Rev. D 103, 025017 (2021)
[4] Fewster, C.J., Jubb, I. & Ruep, M.H. Asymptotic Measurement Schemes for Every Observable of a Quantum Field Theory. Ann. Henri Poincaré 24, 1137–1184 (2023).
[5] Sanders, K. On separable states in relativistic quantum field theory, J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 56 505201 (2023)
Note: This talk is part of the activity of the MUR Excellence Department Project MatMod@TOV (CUP E83C23000330006)
